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Environmental factors contributing to reduced birth weight are of great concern because of the well-known relation of birth weight to infant mortality and adverse effects in later life. We examined the associations between air pollution exposures during pregnancy and low birth weight among all full-term births (gestational age 37-44 weeks) for a 2-year(More)
A 120-day poly(D,L-lactide) (PLA) microsphere delivery system for a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogue, leuprolide, was prepared and evaluated. Leuprolide microspheres were prepared with PLA (m.w. 11000 Da) by a dispersion/solvent extraction-evaporation method and characterized for drug load by HPLC, particle size by laser diffractometry(More)
PURPOSE To prepare and characterize a novel composite microsphere system based on poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) and poly(acryloyl hydroxyethyl starch) (acHES) hydrogel for controlled protein delivery. METHODS Model proteins, bovine serum albumin, and horseradish peroxidase were encapsulated in the acHES hydrogel, and then the protein-containing(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to develop a polymeric sustained delivery system for recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and to evaluate local bone growth induced by the sustained release of BMP-2 in an animal model. METHODS BMP-2 was incorporated in biodegradable poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microspheres to obtain(More)
The conjugation of salmon calcitonin (sCT) by covalent linkage of polyethylene glycol (PEG) was attempted to overcome several disadvantages of sCT as a therapeutic drug, namely its rapid clearance from blood circulation and enzymatic degradation. The polymer employed was succinimidyl carbonate monomethoxypolyethylene glycol (12 kDa). Superose HR(More)
The stability, in vitro release, and in vitro cell transfection efficiency of plasmid DNA (pDNA) poly (D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microsphere formulations were investigated. PLGA microspheres containing free and polylysine (PLL)-complexed pDNA were prepared by a water-oil-water solvent extraction/evaporation technique. Encapsulation enhanced the(More)
Sepharose-unbinding ricin was one-step separated and purified from a crude extract of castor beans (Ricinus communis) by affinity chromatography on hydroxyapatite. This purification method does not require the time-consuming and complicated steps, such as gel filtration and ion-exchange chromatography, that have been essential in the separation of(More)
To evaluate the Sepharose-unbinding ricin E as a preference source material for ricin A chain (RTA) in immunotoxin studies, RTA of ricin E (RTA(E)) was characterized and compared with RTA of the Sepharose-binding ricin D (RTA(D)). RTA(E) and RTA(D) were separated into two subunits of A(1) and A(2) by capillary electrophoresis. The isoelectric points of A(1)(More)
PURPOSE To produce and characterize controlled release formulations of plasmid DNA (pDNA) loaded in poly (D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microspheres both in free form and as a complex with poly (L-lysine). METHODS Poly (L-lysine) (PLL) was used to form pDNA/PLL complexes with complexation ratio of 1:0.125 and 1:0.333 w/w to enhance the stability of(More)