B M Sherman

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Serum cortisol response to the 1-mg overnight dexamethasone suppression test was studied in 221 depressed patients and 109 nondepressed psychiatric controls. Nonsuppression distinguished patients with primary unipolar depression (65/146) from patients with secondary unipolar depression (0/42) and nondepressed controls (0/109). Furthermore, nonsuppression(More)
Serum-cortisol response to the 1 mg overnight dexamethasone suppression test was investigated in 86 patients with unipolar primary depressive illness and 80 non-depressed controls (45 with mania and 35 with schizophrenia). The depressed patients were assigned to one of three genetic subtypes according to the family psychiatric history. Resistance to(More)
We examined the plasma cortisol and ACTH concentrations after graded doses of dexamethasone in a group of young, healthy adults. The decrease in cortisol was uniform in all subjects, and in 8 subjects there was a high degree of correspondence with the plasma ACTH concentration. The remaining 5 subjects had no change in plasma ACTH concentration during(More)
To investigate the release of adenine compounds from defined neuronal pathways, we employed a hippocampal slice preparation in which a selective-loading of the releasable pools was achieved in vivo with the aid of axonal transport. By injecting radioactive adenosine stereotaxically into the entorhinal cortex, the major afferent system to the dentate gyrus(More)
The glucose response to a standard insulin tolerance test (ITT) has been reported to be blunted in the acute phase of heterogeneous depressive disorders and to be normal in the recovered phase. We studied the glucose response to ITT in the recovered phase depression in patients who had previously been subclassified according to familial and clinical(More)
We measured plasma ACTH and cortisol at 20-min intervals for 24 h in depressed patients and healthy control subjects. The data were analyzed by the PULSAR program to quantitate the number of hormone pulses, their amplitude, length, maximum and interval. We found that in both healthy and depressed subjects the circadian pattern of pituitary-adrenal activity(More)
Recent studies suggest that oxytocin inhibits ACTH secretion in normal men, whereas previous animal studies indicate that oxytocin is a weak secretagogue of ACTH. We studied the effect of oxytocin on plasma ACTH and cortisol in normal men under three conditions. Using four different doses of oxytocin (30, 60, 90, and 120 mU/kg), given by iv bolus injection,(More)
Six control subjects underwent an insulin tolerance test before and after the administration of therapeutic doses of imipramine hydrochloride for 10 days to investigate effects of tricyclic antidepressants on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis response to hypoglycemia. The mean steady-state tricyclic blood level was 141 (SD = 66) ng/ml. Baseline levels of(More)
42 women with amenorrhoea and hyperprolactinaemia had trans-sphenoidal surgery and resection of histologically verified pituitary adenomas. 74% of these patients developed amenorrhoea and/or galactorrhoea in immediate association with the use or discontinuation of oral contraceptives or post partum. There was enough adenomatous tissue for immunocytochemical(More)