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The speed-torque relationship of the right knee extensor muscle group was investigated in eight untrained subjects (28 +/- 2 yr old). Torque was measured at a specific knee angle during isokinetic concentric or eccentric actions at nine angular velocities (0.17-3.66 rad/s) and during isometric actions. Activation was by "maximal" voluntary effort or by(More)
Healthy males (n = 14) performed three bouts of 32 unilateral, maximal voluntary concentric (CON) or eccentric (ECC) quadriceps muscle actions on separate days. Surface electromyography (EMG) of the m. vastus lateralis (VL) and m. rectus femoris (RF) and torque were measured. Integrated EMG (IEMG), mean (MPF) and median power frequencies and torque were(More)
The limited space flight data suggest that exposure to microgravity decreases muscle strength in humans and muscle mass in lower mammals. Several earth-based models have been used to address the effect of unloading on the human neuromuscular system due to the limited access of biological research to long-term space flight. Bedrest eliminates body weight(More)
Regeneration of muscle spindles was quantified in a series of orthotopically and heterotopically autografted muscles of pigeons. Significantly fewer spindles relative to numbers of extrafusal fibers were present in grafts than in normal muscles. These results are in marked contrast to observations of free-grafted muscles of rats. A majority of grafts of the(More)
The tonic anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD) of adult pigeons was orthotopically homografted and evaluated after 11 months of regeneration for histological, histochemical, electromyographic (EMG), and mechanical properties. The resting EMG activity of the grafts was lower in amplitude than that of the controls, but showed the tonic pattern typical for these(More)
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