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To overcome limitations of conventional milling technology, we investigated the application of fluid bed granulation for the production of dry-form nutrient media. Serum-free, protein-free and chemically-defined specialty media were produced in granulated format and compared with identical formulations manufactured by conventional methods. HPLC analysis of(More)
The present study unequivocally demonstrates that leukemic non-T/non-B lymphod cells from three cell lines (NALL-1, NALM-6 and NALM-16) possess a strong stimulating capacity in "one-way" mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR-S), while leukemic cells from two non-T/non-B cell lines (REH and KM-3) possess no MLR-S. It is speculated that leukemic non-T/non-B lymphoid(More)
The feasibility of combining the Lym-1 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) was evaluated. We used an in vitro tumor lysis model that incorporated fresh CLL cells from 21 different patients as targets for two distinct normal human leukocyte effector subsets, neutrophils, and(More)
The t(11;14)(q13;q32) translocation has been associated with several subtypes of human leukemia and lymphoma. It has been proposed that this translocation activates a proto-oncogene designated BCL1. In an effort to better understand the mechanism by which this translocation leads to malignancy, we have studied this translocation in two human cell lines.(More)
A phase I clinical trial of the macrophage activator, muramyl tripeptide-phosphatidylethanolamine has been carried out in 37 patients (47 courses) at doses of 0.01-6.0 mg/m2 intravenously twice weekly for 4 weeks. Activation of peripheral blood monocytes and drug toxicity were used as the parameters to monitor the trial. Toxicity was acute systemic(More)
A new cell line, designated MO1043, was established from the peripheral blood (PB) of a patient with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Both the PB leukemia cells and MO1043 were found to have an abnormal cytogenetic marker of trisomy 12, the most common cytogenetic abnormality in CLL. In addition, both the PB cells and MO1043 expressed a cell(More)
Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation is the most significant limiting factor preventing the widespread application of transplant therapy in acute leukemia and aplastic anemia. GVHD is mediated by T cells that contaminate harvested marrow in proportions ranging from 5-50% of the mononuclear cell population.(More)
It is now well recognized that a large proportion of cases with acute lymphoblastic leukemia are classified as non-T/non-B neoplastic disease. The origin of leukemic non-T/non-B cells is at present not known. It has been shown that fresh or cultured leukemic T lymphoblasts exert no stimulating capacity while leukemic B lymphoblasts exert a strong(More)
In the present study, there was a complete lack of autologous MLR between responding T cells or T subsets and unirradiated or irradiated leukemic B cells or monocytes in all 20 patients with CLL, regardless of disease status, stage, phenotype, or karyotype of the disease. The stimulating capacity of unirradiated CLL B cells and CLL monocytes or irradiated(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CIL) of B-cell origin results in the malignant proliferation of small immunoglobulinbearing lymphocytes. There is currently a controversy in the literature regarding both the ability of this leukemic population to differentiate into mature plasma cells. as well as the ability of apparently normal T cells from these patients to(More)