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The development of cigarette smoke-induced pulmonary changes in C57 Bl/6J and DBA/2 mice was investigated. Both strains are sensitive to oxidants and C57Bl/6J mice are moderately deficient in serum alpha1-proteinase inhibitor. Following chronic exposure to cigarette smoke, patchy emphysema was present in mice of both strains, but developed faster in DBA/2(More)
The role of strain difference in the response to cigarette smoke was investigated in mice. Mice of the strains DBA/2 and C57BL/6J responded to acute cigarette smoke with a decrease of the antioxidant defenses of their bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids. On the other hand, under these conditions ICR mice increased their BAL antioxidant defenses. Mice of(More)
A comprehensive analysis on glutathione metabolism in rat cerebral cortex synaptosomes as a function of age was performed. All different glutathione system components (GSH, GSSG, total GSH, and GSH redox index) changed significantly only during aging. GSH, total GSH, and GSH redox index decreased by about 40%, 24%, and 52%, respectively, while GSSG showed a(More)
A comprehensive study on glutathione metabolism in rat heart and liver as a function of age was performed. In the heart, reduced glutathione, total glutathione, and the glutathione redox index showed a decrease during aging, while oxidized glutathione levels increased in 5-month-old rats with respect to the young animals and remained quite constant in 14-(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) plays a role in regulating some aspects of metabolism in IMR-90 normal human fetal lung fibroblasts. Among the enzymes studied, only pyruvate kinase showed a significant increase after treatment of confluent-phase cells with 1,25(OH)2D3 at various concentrations (0.1-100 nM range)(More)
We previously demonstrated that feeding rats Steenbock and Black's rickets-inducing diet produces remarkable changes in the metabolic pattern of the intestinal mucosa, kidney, and liver and in some membrane transport systems of intestinal mucosa and kidney. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 administration to rachitic rats did not always prove to be effective in(More)
The response of IMR-90 human fetal lung fibroblasts at high population doubling level (PDL > 42) to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3[1,25(OH)2D3] was investigated to clarify whether some metabolic and molecular parameters of senescent cells are affected by the hormone treatment. Pyruvate kinase, lactate dehydrogenase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity(More)
We previously demonstrated that feeding rats the Steenbock and Black rickets-inducing diet produces remarkable changes in the metabolic pattern of intestinal mucosa, kidney, liver, cerebral cortex and heart. We have now determined the levels of calcium, phosphorus and citrate in cerebral cortex and the activity of some enzymes in synaptosomes and cerebral(More)
This study examines the effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3], serum or forskolin on the proliferation of IMR-90 fetal lung fibroblasts and demonstrates, for the first time, the presence of 1,25(OH)2D3 receptor (VDR) in this cell line. In quiescent, subconfluent cultures neither the treatment with 100 nM 1,25(OH)2D3 nor that with 50 microM(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether vitamin D3 deficiency and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 treatment affect some aspects of heart metabolism in the rat. To this end, five experimental groups were studied: (1) the control group of the vitamin D3 supplemented rats (Group A); (2) rachitic rats (Group B); (3) rachitic rats treated with(More)