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Although five muscarinic receptor subtypes have now been cloned, only three receptor subtypes have been demonstrated pharmacologically in bronchial tissue (designated M1, M2 and M3). By using drugs that show selectivity for these receptor subtypes, in combination with a sensitive and specific high-pressure liquid chromatography method that enables the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In cardiovascular pharmacology, electrical and mechanical events can be distinguished, and the phrase 'electro-mechanical window' (EMw) describes the temporal difference between these events. We studied whether changes in EMw have potential predictive value for the occurrence of arrhythmias in fentanyl/etomidate-anaesthetized beagle(More)
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and in situ hybridization (ISH) was used to localize extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) and its mRNA in rat lung before and after a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- and hyperoxia-induced inflammation. In control rats, EC-SOD mRNA was synthesized in macrophages and in cells of the arterial vessel walls and the alveolar septa. The(More)
Paxilline was isolated from Penicillium paxilli (NRRL 6110). It was studied together with penitrem B and verruculogen in the electrically stimulated guinea pig ileum. All three mycotoxins enhanced the electrically induced twitch contractions, without influencing the contractions provoked by exogenous acetylcholine. The effect of the mycotoxins could be(More)
By the simultaneous measurement of acetylcholine release and smooth muscle contraction in rabbit tracheal segments with and without epithelium, pre- as well as postsynaptic effects of this cell layer were studied on cholinergic neurotransmission. The epithelial cell layer exerted a presynaptic inhibitory influence on acetylcholine release, induced by KCl(More)
The effects of the enantiomers of structurally related chiral M3 antagonists (trihexyphenidyl, p-fluorohexahydrodifenidol, hexahydrodifenidol and p-fluorohexbutinol) were studied at the presynaptic M2 and postsynaptic M3 receptor level in the rabbit trachea. All isomers were M3- over M2-selective as they did not increase the release of acetylcholine (an M2(More)
Granuloma formation in the rat lung after single or repeated i.v. injections, intratracheal instillation and intradermal implantation of Sephadex beads was studied over a time period from 3 h to 3 mo. Macrophages were identified with the mAB ED1, vascular smooth muscle cells with an mAB against alpha SMC-actin, endothelial cells with a polyclonal AB against(More)
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