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During the hunting season 1990/1991 a total of 841 blood samples was collected from shot wild boar corresponding to about 2.11% of the total hunting bag in Lower Saxony. All the sera were screened for neutralizing antibodies (nAb) to hog cholera virus (HCV) and bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) by direct neutralizing peroxidase linked antibody (NPLA)(More)
Sixteen cytopathogenic (cp) bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) strains/isolates were screened for the existence of RNA insertions in the p125 gene region and/or for p80 gene duplications using the polymerase chain reaction after reverse transcription. Three strains/isolates were shown to contain insertions, and in three others gene duplications were(More)
Antigenic and genetic analyses were performed in order to establish relationships between the noncytopathogenic (ncp) and the cytopathogenic (cp) bovine viral diarrhoea viruses (BVDV) involved in the induction of a case of experimentally induced "late-onset" mucosal disease (MD) symptoms. The persistent ncpBVDV, the cpBVDV used for superinfection (strain(More)
Ruminant pestivirus infections of pigs have a worldwide distribution. The prevalence is varied and depends mainly on (i) contact with cattle, (ii) age of pigs and (iii) degree of homology of virus strains used for serology, with field strains of bovine virus diarrhoea virus (BVDV) infecting pigs. Emphasis should be laid on sources of BVDV other than cattle,(More)
Mucosal disease can be experimentally induced by inoculating calves persistently viremic with noncytopathogenic (ncp) Bovine Virus Diarrhea Virus (BVDV) with an antigenetically closely related cytopathogenic (cp) BVDV strain. Calves suffering from mucosal disease develop severe intestinal lesions causing breakdown of the gastrointestinal barrier and death.(More)
Following several clinical cases of suspected bovine virus diarrhoea (BVD) on three Namibian cattle farms, a serological survey was conducted on bovine, ovine, caprine and wild ruminant sera originating from different regions of the country. Neutralizing antibodies to BVD virus (BVDV) were detected in 58% of 1,014 cattle sera, 14% of 618 sheep sera and 4.6%(More)
In 33 calves and subadult cattle of the Holstein-Friesian breed ranging from 1 to 210 days of age, the spectrum of brain lesions induced by intra-uterine infection with bovine-virus diarrhoea virus (BVDV) was retrospectively analysed. Of these, 27 animals originated from herds with a long history of BVD. Six calves were derived from dams vaccinated between(More)
During the hunting season from 1991/1992 blood samples were collected from wild boar shot in the Federal States of Sachsen-Anhalt (482 samples) and Brandenburg (177 samples) which corresponds to 2.1 and 0.4% of the total hunting bag. All sera were screened in a complex trapping blocking (CTB) ELISA for antibodies against hog cholera virus (HCV) and in an(More)
From post-mortem material (liver and lung) and leucocytes of four (3.6%) out of 112 examined harbour seals during the seal epizootic in 1988 six cytopathogenic viral isolates were obtained which were provisionally classified as herpes-like viruses. Results of physico-chemical and electron microscopic investigations suggested their relationship to the(More)