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The 37-amino-acid polypeptide amylin is the principal constituent of the amyloid deposits that form in the islets of Langerhans in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus, but its role in the pathogenesis of this disease is unresolved. In view of the fact that the beta-amyloid protein that forms fibrils in Alzheimer's disease is toxic to neurons, we have(More)
Surface IR (infrared) modes of crystalline and fumed (amorphous) silica particles, calcined at temperatures up to 1095 degrees C, have been studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The ability of these same particles to lyse cells has been measured by a hemolysis protocol. The untreated crystalline and amorphous materials differ by a factor of 40(More)
The formation of reactive oxygen species resulting from the interaction of silica dust particles with red blood cell membranes was investigated; particularly, the effect of surface hydroxyl (silanol) group concentration on the rate of formation of such reactive oxygen species was investigated. The rate of formation was measured indirectly through the effect(More)
Amyloid deposition, a histopathological feature of Alzheimer's disease brain, may be the underlying cause of this disease. The isolation of enzymes involved in both the normal and aberrant or alternative processing of the beta-amyloid precursor protein may lead to an understanding of how beta-protein, the major component of amyloid deposits, is formed in(More)
The activities of the low-Km and high-Km forms of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) were determined in extracts prepared from epididymis and prostate taken from adult (10-12 months) and from aged (32-35 months) rats. The maximum velocity V of low-Km PDE in the epididymis of normal adult rats (approx. 300 pmoles/min per mg protein) was increased after(More)
In Alzheimer's disease, Down's syndrome, hereditary cerebral hemorrhage with amyloidosis of Dutch origin, and normal aging, amyloid accumulates in the brain parenchyma and blood vessels. The major protein in the deposits is the beta-protein, a 4-kD peptide possibly generated by an abnormal degradation of its precursor, the beta-protein precursor (beta PP).(More)
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