B L Lauffart

Learn More
The purification and characterization of leucyl aminopeptidase and pyroglutamyl aminopeptidase from human skeletal muscle are described. The characteristics of leucyl aminopeptidase were as follows: optimum activity was at pH 9.5 in the presence of 5 mmol/l Mg2+ or 0.5 mmol Mn2+. No activation of enzyme activity was obtained following addition of other(More)
In order to obtain a greater understanding of the role of aminopeptidases in the degradation of peptides and proteins in the nervous system, we have isolated and characterized leucyl aminopeptidase (EC 3.4.11.1) from human cerebral cortex and studied its action on some physiologically important neuropeptides. The enzyme has a low specificity constant for(More)
The aim of this study was to gain information of the cellular and molecular events which occur during the development of experimental gingivitis and to determine whether such changes occur in the presence or absence of alveolar bone resorption. Clinical, radiographic, biochemical and immunological variables were monitored in a 3-week, single-centre,(More)
Two closely related Cl(-)-activated arginyl aminopeptidases (I and II) were purified from a soluble extract of postmortem human cerebral cortex by anion-exchange chromatography and preparative gel electrophoresis. The electrophoretic mobility of II was approximately 80% that of I; the molecular mass of both enzymes was approximately 70 kilodaltons (kDa)(More)
Two aminopeptidases (I and II), hydrolysing basic termini, were purified to homogeneity (as judged by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) from human quadriceps muscle by anion-exchange chromatography and preparative electrophoresis. The electrophoretic migration rate of II was approximately 80% of that of I. Both enzymes had the following properties:(More)
In order to develop a greater understanding of the importance of peptide catabolism in the intracellular protein degradation process in normal and pathological human brain, we have undertaken a systematic investigation of the aminopeptidase group of enzymes. Although a wide range of aminoacyl-7-amino-4-methylcoumarin derivatives (which are used to measure(More)
Two calcium-activated neutral proteases (CAPI & II) were purified from human skeletal muscle by anion exchange, gel filtration and affinity (antipain-Sepharose and Blue Ultrogel A4R) chromatography. The enzymes were homogenous as judged by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and have similar properties with the exception of the Ca2+ concentration required(More)
The major aminopeptidase from human post-mortem brain (occipital cortex) was purified to homogeneity (as judged by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) by anion-exchange chromatography (two steps) and gel filtration (two steps). The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated as 105,000 from gel filtration. Maximum activity was obtained in the presence of(More)
Although a wide range of aminoacyl-7-amino-4-methylcoumarin derivatives (which are used to measure aminopeptidase activity) were found to be hydrolysed by human skeletal muscle soluble fraction, fractionation of the latter via anion-exchange and gel-filtration chromatography resolved only five types of separable aminopeptidase (with activity relative to(More)