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The authors reviewed 70 femoral lengthenings performed for limb-length discrepancy in 66 children and adolescents using gradual incremental distraction. Nine were performed using the Judet lengthener and 61, the Orthofix external fixator. Etiology of the femoral shortening was congenital in 22, posttraumatic in 17, postinfection in 13, neurologic in 12, and(More)
A case of bilateral congenital pseudarthrosis of the olecranon is reported in a 15-month-old boy. This abnormality was noted at birth because of a fixed flexion deformity of both elbows. The left side was operated on at the age of 16 months and the right side at 21 months. Surgical exploration showed a mobile pseudarthrosis with a 2-cm gap between the tip(More)
We observed 39 feet with a "too-long" anteromedial process of the calcaneus (TLAP) in 25 children and adolescents. The abnormality was diagnosed from symptoms (ankle sprains or persistent ankle or foot pain) in 33 cases. Six cases of TLAP were noted on radiographs taken of the patient's opposite, asymptomatic foot. Initial treatment by 3 weeks of strapping(More)
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY In 1983, we reported 5 cases of a type of tarsal abnormality which often went unrecognized in children and adolescents, the so-called "too long antero-medial process of the calcaneus" (TLAP). This report analyzes 59 such abnormalities observed in 37 children and adolescents. Treatment of the 48 symptomatic cases is presented. MATERIAL(More)
Fractures of the odontoid process are rare in children. We retrospectively reviewed 15 cases in children younger than 6 years, with an average follow-up of 4 years and 3 months. Eight of these patients had neurologic involvement; magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) changes were seen in the spinal cord at the cervicothoracic junction in six. This neurologic(More)
The biosynthesis of prostaglandins (PG) in biopsies from 9 patients with recalcitrant psoriasis was studied before, during, and after treatment with 8-methoxy-psoralen and long-wave ultraviolet light (UVA). No statistical difference was found between the results obtained before, during, and after the treatment. In PGE1-equivalents, the concentration in(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether induced micromovement could improve the consolidation of diaphyseal elongation by callus distraction. Two series of paired rabbit hindlimbs were studied. The surgical procedure, waiting period, and elongation period were identical. One hindlimb was then left under neutralization conditions, but the(More)
Femoral and tibial growth was studied in 6 children undergoing a femoral lengthening and 28 children a tibial lengthening. Growth of both femurs and tibiae was evaluated for 3 years both before and after the procedure. No significant growth disturbance was noted in femoral lengthenings of 14%. However, growth variations were constant after tibial(More)
We studied vertebral growth after thoracic or lumbar fractures in 52 children followed up from the time of fracture until skeletal maturity. We identified pure anterior compression in 32, combined anterior and lateral compression in 11, and total vertical compression in nine. Six patients had no treatment, 42 had a conservative treatment, and four were(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether induced micromovement during the elongation period could improve the consolidation of diaphyseal elongation obtained by callus distraction. Two series of paired rabbit hindlimbs were studied. The surgical procedure and the waiting period were identical. During elongation, one hindlimb was(More)