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The effects of iontophoretically applied Na+-, K+-dependent adenosinetriphosphatase (Na+,K+-ATPase) (EC inhibitors (ouabain, digitoxin, digitoxigenin, strophanthin K, strophanthidin, thevetin A and B, ethacrynate, and harmaline) on the depression of rat cerebral cortical neurones by noradrenaline, 5-hydroxytryptamine, and histamine have been(More)
Recent observations made in our laboratory have shown that metergoline is a selective 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) antagonist in the cerebral cortex. Fluoxetine is a reportedly selective 5-HT neuronal uptake blocker. In the present investigation these drugs have been used to examine the existence of a putative 5-HT input to the cerebral cortex. In rats(More)
Recurrent inhibition of the extensor (quadriceps) monosynaptic reflex (MSR) was antagonized by a 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) precursor, 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP, 75 mg/kg), and a specific 5-HT neuronal uptake blocker, fluoxetine-HC1 (Lilly 110140, 0.25-6 mg/kg), in unanaesthetized decerebrate cats. This inhibition of the flexor (posterior(More)
BACKGROUND Researchers have determined that Indians face a higher risk of heart disease, despite the fact that nearly half of them are vegetarians and lack many of the other traditional risk factors. In the below-30 age group, coronary artery disease mortality among Indians is three-fold higher than in the whites in United Kingdom and ten-fold higher than(More)
AIMS This report describes the baseline characteristics of patients in the Reduction of Events with Darbepoetin alfa in Heart Failure trial (RED-HF) which is testing the hypothesis that anaemia correction with darbepoetin alfa will reduce the composite endpoint of death from any cause or hospital admission for worsening heart failure, and improve other(More)
Histamine (H) and H1 agonists 2-pyridylethylamine (PEA) and 2-methylhistamine (2-MH) produced a greater depression of the corticospinal and unidentified rat cerebral cortical neurones than did 4-methylhistamine (4-MH), an H2 agonist. Mepyramine antagonized the effects of 2-MH, PEA and H, and partially antagonized the depression induced by 4-MH. Metiamide(More)
In SERAPHIN, a long-term, randomised, controlled trial (NCT00660179) in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), macitentan significantly reduced the risk of morbidity/mortality and PAH-related death/hospitalisation. We evaluated disease progression and the effect of macitentan in treatment-naïve incident and prevalent cohorts.Patients allocated to placebo,(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) is a poorly understood complex disorder, which results in progressive remodeling of the pulmonary artery that ultimately leads to right ventricular failure. A two-hit hypothesis has been implicated in pathogenesis of IPAH, according to which the vascular abnormalities characteristic of PAH are(More)