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AIMS To compare associations of lead biomarkers with renal function in current and former lead workers. METHODS Cross sectional analysis of first year results from a longitudinal study of 803 lead workers and 135 controls in South Korea. Clinical renal function was assessed by blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine, and measured and calculated(More)
The copper-resistance determinant (pco) of Escherichia coli plasmid pRJ1004 was cloned and sequenced. Tn1000 transposon mutagenesis identified four complementation groups, mutations in any of which eliminated copper resistance. DNA sequence analysis showed that the four complementation groups contained six open reading frames, designated pco-ABCDRS. The(More)
The cutA locus, presumably involved in copper tolerance in Escherichia coli, was characterized by a mutation leading to copper sensitivity. Copper-accumulation measurements with radioactive 64Cu2+ showed increased uptake by cutA copper-sensitive mutant cells, and reduced uptake when the cutA mutation was complemented in trans. The locus was mapped using(More)
The copper resistance in Escherichia coli determined by plasmid pRJ1004 is inducible. The level of resistance is proportional to the inducing dose of copper. The level of copper resistance in induced and uninduced cells changes with the growth phase of the culture. Induced resistant cells accumulate less copper than uninduced cells, so that reduced(More)
Apolipoprotein L-1 (APOL1) gene variants are associated with end-stage renal disease in African Americans (AAs). Here we investigate the impact of recipient APOL1 gene distributions on kidney allograft outcomes. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 119 AA kidney transplant recipients, and found that 58 (48.7%) carried two APOL1 kidney disease risk(More)
It has been suggested previously that copper transport in Escherichia coli is mediated by the products of at least six genes, cutA, cutB, cutC, cutD, cutE, and cutF. A mutation in one or more of these genes results in an increased copper sensitivity (D. Rouch, J. Camakaris, and B. T. O. Lee, p. 469-477, in D. H. Hamer and D. R. Winge, ed., Metal Ion(More)
Thirty-three enteric isolates from Australian (Escherichia coli only) and United Kingdom (U.K.) (Salmonella sp., Citrobacter spp., and E. coli) piggeries were characterized with respect to their copper resistance. The copper resistance phenotypes of four new Australian E. coli isolates were comparable with that of the previously studied E. coli K-12 strain(More)
The copper-sensitive/temperature-sensitive phenotype of the Escherichia coli cutE mutant has been complemented by cloning wild-type genomic DNA into the plasmid vector pACYC184 and selecting transformants on medium containing 4 mM copper sulfate and chloramphenicol. One of these complementing clones, designated pCUT1, contained a 5.6-kb BamHI fragment. This(More)
Bacterial resistances to metals are heterogeneous in both their genetic and biochemical bases. Metal resistance may be chromosomally-, plasmid- or transposon-encoded, and one or more genes may be involved: at the biochemical level at least six different mechanisms are responsible for resistance. Various types of resistance mechanisms can occur singly or in(More)