B. K. Juluri

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We present ultra-fast homogeneous mixing inside a microfluidic channel via single-bubble-based acoustic streaming. The device operates by trapping an air bubble within a "horse-shoe" structure located between two laminar flows inside a microchannel. Acoustic waves excite the trapped air bubble at its resonance frequency, resulting in acoustic streaming,(More)
In this work, we report the design, fabrication, and characterization of a tunable optofluidic microlens that focuses light within a microfluidic device. The microlens is generated by the interface of two co-injected miscible fluids of different refractive indices, a 5 M CaCl(2) solution (n(D) = 1.445) and deionized (DI) water (n(D) = 1.335). When the(More)
A gold nanodisk array, coated with bistable, redox-controllable [2]rotaxane molecules, when exposed to chemical oxidants and reductants, undergoes switching of its plasmonic properties reversibly. By contrast, (i) bare gold nanodisks and (ii) disks coated with a redox-active, but mechanically inert, control compound do not display surface-plasmon-based(More)
We report a tunable optofluidic microlens configuration named the Liquid Gradient Refractive Index (L-GRIN) lens for focusing light within a microfluidic device. The focusing of light was achieved through the gradient refractive index (GRIN) within the liquid medium, rather than via curved refractive lens surfaces. The diffusion of solute (CaCl(2)) between(More)
In this work, we investigate the propagation of designer surface plasmons in planar perfect electric conductor structures that are subject to a parabolic graded-index distribution. A three-dimensional, fully vectorial finite-difference time-domain method was used to engineer a structure with a parabolic effective group index by modulating the dielectric(More)
Localization of large electric fields in plasmonic nanostructures enables various processes such as single-molecule detection, higher harmonic light generation, and control of molecular fluorescence and absorption. High-throughput, simple nanofabrication techniques are essential for implementing plasmonic nanostructures with large electric fields for(More)
Photonic crystal PC composites are sequenced series of PCs that feature the same periods but different filling fractions. By properly tuning the filling fractions of the individual PCs and merging the working band of each PC into a continuous frequency range, wide-band self-collimation of optical signals can be realized. The band diagrams and the(More)
We present a detailed comparison of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) signals from metallic nanoparticle arrays and their complementary hole arrays. Using an analytical model for local field enhancement, we show that the SERS enhancements of the hole arrays are closely related to their transmission spectra. This trend is experimentally confirmed(More)
We have designed and simulated a parabolic gradient-index (GRIN) photonic crystal (PC) based beam aperture modifier and a deflector. The parabolic GRIN PC is achieved by using free standing dielectric columns with graded radii transverse to the light propagation direction. The performance of the beam aperture modifier and the deflector can be tuned by(More)