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Membrane-bound alkaline phosphatase of Bacillus licheniformis 749/c is derepressed by glucose in complex and chemically defined media. In the presence of lactate, pyruvate, or succinate the synthesis is repressed. The lactate repression neither affects total protein synthesis nor inhibits penicillinase synthesis. Thus, carbon sources specifically influence(More)
Protoplasts of Listeria monocytogenes strain 42 were fractionated after control lysis on a Ficoll (a polysucrose) density gradient. Visually, five zones could be recognized in the gradient. The first one was composed of amorphous cytoplasmic solutes (fraction 1a) and a mixture of particles (fraction 1b). These were: (i) light particles that were(More)
The most obvious morphological characteristic of Saccharomyces mutant FH4C cells is the tendency to form clumps (production of invertase and alpha-glucosidase by this mutant is highly resistant to repression by hexoses). This peculiar feature arises from the abnormal cell envelope ultrastructure of the mutant. Clumps are formed as a result of the failure of(More)
Two strains of Trichoderma reesei, wild type QM6a and mutant Rut-C30, were grown in meida containing an inducer, insoluble crystalline cellulose (Avicel PH101), as carbon source for 11 days. The cell growth, expressed as myceliar protein content, of Rut-C30 was 4–5 times higher than QM6a. The lack of ultrastructural disorganization, and absence of(More)
Subcellular distribution of the alkaline phosphatase of Bacillus licheniformis 749/C was determined by an immunoelectron microscopy method. Anti-alkaline phosphatase antibody labeled with 15- to 18-nm colloidal gold particles (gold-immunoglobulin G [IgG] complex) were used for the study. Both the plasma membrane and cytoplasmic material were labeled with(More)
The plasma membrane of Listeria monocytogenes strain 42 was prepared by osmotic lysis of protoplasts with tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane (Tris) buffer, pH 8.2, containing MgCl(2) and glucose, followed by washing with NaCl and MgCl(2) in Tris buffer. Electron microscopy showed that the preparation was not contaminated with cytoplasmic material. The membrane(More)
A protein with a tetragonal pattern, defined as RS protein, was found on the wall surface of an alkaline phosphatase secretion-deficient mutant (NM 105) of Bacillus licheniformis 749/C. The protein was present on the wall surface of the exponential-growth-phase cells, but at the stationary growth phase it was overproduced and hypersecreted. This protein was(More)
An alkaline phosphatase secretion-blocked mutant of Bacillus licheniformis 749/C was isolated. This mutant had defects in the phoP and phoR regions of the chromosome. The selection procedure was based on the rationale that N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine can induce mutations of closely linked multiple genes. The malate gene and the phoP and phoR genes(More)
Cultures of the inducible penicillinase-producing strain 749 of Bacillus licheniformis, induced with small amounts of benzylpenicillin, synthesized penicillinase at a high rate for a short period, after which the rate of synthesis slowly declined. During the period of active synthesis, the rate of secretion, as a fraction of the level of cell-bound(More)