The reactions of 4 infants each at ages 10, 15, and 20 months were recorded on videotape as they responded to their own simultaneous video image, their own previously taped video image, the image of a control infant, and that of a female stranger. The subjects' responses were coded by 2 research assistants, ignorant of the original stimuli and the purpose… (More)
This study of young children's understanding of the process of healing indicates that both level of cognitive development and locus of control are relevant factors. The importance of the children's locus of control orienation to their understanding was found to depend upon the interaction of the cognitive level and the complexity of the concept considered.
A successful method used in treating a series of five cases of chronic encopresis is reported. The method is a system based approach, taking into account the typically underlying hostile mother-child psychodynamics accompanying encopresis.