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A state-wide prevalence survey was conducted to determine the extent and circumstances of self-injurious behavior (SIB) among institutionalized mentally retarded individuals with 13.6% of the population (1,352 individuals) identified as being self-injurious from the approximately 10,000 clients in Texas' 13 residential facilities serving the mentally(More)
The extent, nature, and treatment of self-injurious behavior was surveyed among 2,663 developmentally disabled children and adolescents in a large metropolitan school district during the 1984-85 school year. Sixty-nine, or 2.6 percent, of the students exhibited at least one type of self-injurious behavior during the preceding 12 months; 59 percent of these(More)
Despite pressures in recent years to discourage reliance upon pharmacological interventions, psychoactive drugs continue to be utilized extensively with institutionalized mentally retarded persons. In the present study the scope and pattern of psychoactive drug use within a state-wide institutional service-delivery network were examined, with a focus upon(More)
The treatment of a 16-year-old severely mentally retarded and blind female client exhibiting severe biting of self and others consisted of the contingent application of an aversive gustatory stimulus (Tabasco Sauce), brief timeout, DRO, and contingent restraint against biting while in time-out. This is the first use of Tabasco as the aversive stimulus(More)