B J Ringenberg

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A retrospective review of 312 hospitalized patients with cervical spine injuries was conducted to identify presenting signs, symptoms, and coexisting conditions, and to determine if any injuries were not diagnosed in the emergency department. Of the 257 (82%) patients who were alert on ED evaluation, 215 (84%) complained of neck pain or tenderness. Of the(More)
The records of 916 trauma victims transported by an emergency helicopter service were reviewed to evaluate its impact on patient outcome. According to strict criteria, the service was classified as essential, helpful, or "not a factor" in the preservation of life and/or limb in each case. The helicopter service was essential in 14.0%, helpful in 12.9%, and(More)
A prospective study was conducted to examine the usefulness of screening tests for pyuria in combination with culture in the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) in outpatients. Midstream urine specimens were collected from 340 patients seen in the emergency treatment center (ETC) and were examined for pyuria using the chamber count method and the(More)
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