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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare gene copy number (GCN) and protein expression of MET and to evaluate their prognostic roles in gastric carcinomas. METHODS MET protein expression and gene amplification (GA) status were determined by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and silver in-situ hybridisation (SISH), respectively, in a large series of(More)
Two antifungal peptides (Pn-AMP1 and Pn-AMP2) have been purified to homogeneity from seeds of Pharbitis nil. The amino acid sequences of Pn-AMP1 (41 amino acid0 residues) and Pn-AMP2 (40 amino acid residues) were identical except that Pn-AMP1 has an additional serine residue at the carboxyl-terminus. The molecular masses of Pn-AMP1 and Pn-AMP2 were(More)
Previously, we identified two pro-phenol oxidase-activating factors, named PPAF-I and PPAF-II, directly involved in the activation of the purified pro-phenol oxidase (pro-PO) from the hemolymph of the coleopteran, Holotrichia diomphalia larvae [Lee, S. Y., Kwon, T. H., Hyun, J. H., Choi, J. S., Kawabata, S. I., Iwanga, S, & Lee, B. L. (1998) Eur. J.(More)
A time- and dose-dependent increase in 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) was observed in rat hepatic DNA after a single i.p. injection of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). It was also found that pre-treatment with selenium or deferoxamine significantly reduced 8-OHdG level in AFB1-administered rats. In contrast, no reduction in 8-OHdG concentration was found in vitamin(More)
The present study aims to evaluate oxidative DNA damage in human sperm and the association with cigarette smoking. The level of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in sperm DNA, cotinine concentration in seminal plasma, and conventional seminal parameters such as semen volume, sperm density, viability, motility, and normal morphology were determined in 60(More)
The effects of Matrigel, a reconstituted basement membrane, on human granulosa cells were investigated. Cells were obtained from follicular aspirate in the course of oocyte retrieval for in vitro fertilization and were cultured on either a surface coated with Matrigel or uncoated plastic. Light and electron microscopy showed that granulosa cells cultured on(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relations between environmental benzene concentrations and various biomarkers of exposure to benzene. METHODS Analyses were carried out on environmental air, unmetabolised benzene in urine, trans, trans-muconic acid (ttMA), and three major phenolic metabolites of benzene; catechol, hydroquinone, and phenol, in two field studies(More)
A method was developed for simultaneous determination of urinary hydroquinone, catechol and phenol using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with variable-wavelength fluorimetric detection. Urine samples, after acid hydrolysis, were saturated with sodium sulphate and extracted by diethyl ether. The two buffers used for gradient elution were (A) 10(More)
OBJECTIVE To carry out a comprehensive field investigation to evaluate various conventional and recently developed biomarkers for exposure to low concentrations of benzene. METHODS Analyses were carried out on environmental air, unmetabolised benzene in blood and urine, urinary trans, transmuconic acid, and three major phenolic metabolites of benzene:(More)
We describe a sensitive and specific high-performance liquid-chromatographic method for determining the benzene metabolite, trans,trans-muconic acid (ttMA) in urine by measuring ultraviolet absorbance at 265 nm. We mix 1 mL of urine sample with 2 mL of Tris buffer containing vanillic acid as internal standard (IS) and percolate this through a preconditioned(More)