B. J. Glasser

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Pellets intended for oral dosing are frequently produced via extrusion/spheronization followed by drying. Typically, the last active process step, i.e., drying, is assumed to have little effect on the final dosage form properties (e.g., dissolution characteristics). Thus, there exist only a few studies of this subject. In the present study, calcium(More)
Drying is a common pharmaceutical process, whose potential to modify the final drug and/or dosage form properties is often underestimated. In the present study, pellets consisting of the matrix former calcium stearate (CaSt) incorporating the active pharmaceutical ingredient ibuprofen were prepared via wet extrusion and spheronization. Subsequent drying was(More)
Experiments have been carried out to study the behavior of L-threonine (needle-like) crystals during agitated drying. For an L-threonine/water system the morphology of the crystals was monitored using light microscopy and image analysis. Analysis of the transient behavior of the crystal size and shape distribution showed that attrition and agglomeration(More)
Blending of powders is a crucial step in the production of pharmaceutical solid dosage forms. The active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) is often a powder that is blended with other powders (excipients) in order to produce tablets. The blending efficiency is influenced by several external factors, such as the desired degree of homogeneity and the required(More)
Drying is a common pharmaceutical process, whose potential to alter the final drug properties-even at relatively low temperatures-is often neglected. The present study addresses the impact of drying at 20 and 50 °C on wet-extruded calcium stearate (CaSt) pellets. Drying at 20 °C caused the majority of ibuprofen to accumulate at the pellet surface due to a(More)
Fluids sheared between concentric rotating cylinders undergo a series of three-dimensional instabilities. Since Taylor's archetypal 1923 study, these have proved pivotal to understanding how fluid flows become unstable and eventually undergo transitions to chaotic or turbulent states. In contrast, predicting the dynamics of granular systems--from nano-sized(More)
Quantitative dehydration studies of dibasic calcium phosphate anhydrous (DCPA) in a small-scale cold-model fluidized bed dryer with process air control were conducted. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) with partial least squares regression (PLSR) was used to predict DCPAs' residual moisture content. Loss-on-drying (LOD) was employed as a reference method(More)
Electrostatic interactions between particles can dramatically affect granular flows, creating industrial safety and handling problems [K. N. Palmer, (Chapman and Hall, London, 1973), pp. 388-389]. We present experimental data demonstrating that charging of grains can also cause spontaneous self-assembly that may generate lasting geological patterns under(More)
Elizabeth D. Liss, PhD, was a doctoral student at Rutgers University when this work was conducted and is currently a senior research chemical engineer at Merck Research Laboratories (Westpoint, PA). Stephen L. Conway is a doctoral student at Rutgers University on educational leave of absence from Merck Manufacturing Division (Somerset, NJ). James A. Zega,(More)