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In female Wistar/Rij rats, 10 and 30 mo old, the micturition profiles in conscious animals, the contractile responses of the isolated urinary bladder, and the histology of the vesical tissue have been investigated. During cystomanometry, 60% of conscious senescent rats, but only 25% of young adult rats, showed spontaneous contractions during the(More)
The effects of 1-desamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (dDAVP) on renal excretion and tubular transport of water and electrolytes were investigated in homozygous DI Brattleboro rats. To ascertain these effects on the loop of Henle, circulating glucagon, parathyroid hormone, and thyrocalcitonin were reduced before the experiments, as these hormones are believed(More)
Aging is currently associated with progressive declines of cerebral functions. From these, a decreased resistance to dehydration suggested alteration in choroidal control of brain homeostasis and reduced cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) production in old subjects. In the present study, choroid plexuses of 20-month old Sprague-Dawley rats were compared with those(More)
The consequences of hypertension and aging on cardiovascular structure and function are reputed to be similar, suggesting that blood pressure plays a role in the aging process. However, the exact relationship between aging, blood pressure, and the arterial structure-function relationship has not been demonstrated. To test the effects of aging,(More)
The V2 vasopressin and the AT1A angiotensin II receptors are respectively coupled to the adenylyl cyclase and the phosphoinositide pathways. The cross-talk between these two receptors and their transduction pathways were investigated in CHO cells transfected with cDNA of both AT1A and V2 receptors. In these cells, angiotensin II induced an increase in(More)
Solute reflection coefficients sigma of cell membrane vesicles or liposomes are commonly determined by comparison of the water flow induced by a gradient of the studied solute and that of a reference molecule using light scattering techniques. However, variations in scattered light which are mainly related to change in vesicle volume are also influenced by(More)
The rat provides a useful experimental model to study of the mechanisms of kidney aging. As in man, a wide diversity in the renal response to aging occurs in the rat, and because of this variability it is important to always specify experimental conditions, i.e., strain, gender, diet, and environment. Most aging rats display chronic progressive nephrosis,(More)
Aging is associated with cardiac hypertrophy and arterial stiffening possibly associated with accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). We evaluated the effect of aminoguanidine, an inhibitor of AGE production, on end-stage alterations of renal and cardiovascular systems. Normotensive WAG/Rij rats were treated from 24 to 30 mo with(More)
Solute reflection coefficients, sigma i, of rat kidney brush-border membrane vesicles were determined by the comparison of water flows induced by equiosmolal gradients of sucrose and NaCl, KCl or mannitol. The values of 0.53 for sigma NaCl and 0.56 for sigma KCl when compared with 0.92 for sigma mannitol suggested some interactions between salt and water(More)
ABSTRACT.: Tissue content of advanced glycation end products (AGE) increases with age and contributes to the changes in structure and function of the renal and cardiovascular systems. The effect of chronic food restriction on this AGE accumulation was investigated in lean WAG/Rij rats. A 30% food restriction performed from 10 to 30 mo in female rats reduced(More)