B J Chrysanthou

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Infusion of the three human prepro-VIP derived peptides [vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), peptide histidine methionine (PHM) and the newly discovered peptide histidine valine (PHV-42)] at a constant nominal rate of 5 pmol/kg/min in 6 healthy volunteers for 60 min resulted in plateau plasma levels of 56,475 and 1,052 pmol/l, respectively. Although these(More)
The distribution, primary structure, and relative biological activity of neuromedin U has been determined from the frog Rana temporaria. Following sequential column chromatography of a gastrointestinal extract, the peptide was sufficiently pure to enable characterization by micro-sequence analysis. The entire sequence was found to be an icosapentapeptide(More)
The primary human and porcine structure of the novel neuropeptide cerebellin is unknown. These peptides were, therefore, isolated by a combination of ion-exchange and reverse-phase chromatography using a specific radioimmunoassay against rat cerebellin. The sequences of the peptides were deduced by mass spectrometry (for both human and porcine cerebellins)(More)
The human vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) gene also encodes peptides histidine methionine (PHM) which has substantial sequence homology with VIP. Both are present in nerve fibers in the human ileum and circulate in greatly increased concentrations in patients with the watery diarrhoea syndrome. We have infused PHM (23 pmol/kg/min) into 5 patients with(More)
Intravenous infusion of low doses of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, peptide histidine valine-42, and peptide histidine methionine (and the rat equivalent, peptide histidine isoleucine) into anesthetized rats caused a reduction in net absorption of fluid from the small intestine. Larger doses caused a net fluid secretion. At the same nominal infusion(More)
1. The effects of intravenous and intra-arterial infusion of the peptides derived from prepro-vasoactive intestinal peptide, vasoactive intestinal peptide, peptide histidine methionine and peptide histidine valine, were examined in six healthy volunteers. 2. Vasoactive intestinal peptide given intravenously caused a significant increase in heart rate and a(More)
The effect of peptide histidine valine-42 (PHV-42) on gastric acid secretion was studied in man. PHV-42 was infused into 5 healthy volunteers at a dose of 10 pmol/kg/min. This dose caused a significant stimulation of basal gastric acid and potassium output. There were no significant changes in circulating gastrin throughout the infusion. In 2 subjects with(More)
Tumors associated with the Verner Morrison syndrome secrete peptide histidine methionine, its C-terminally extended variant peptide histidine valine, and vasoactive intestinal peptide. There is evidence that vasoactive intestinal peptide mediates diarrhea, but recent evidence suggested that peptide histidine methionine and peptide histidine valine may be at(More)
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