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BACKGROUND The selective antithrombotic fondaparinux is more effective than the low-molecular-weight heparin enoxaparin for prevention of venous thromboembolism (deep-vein thrombosis [DVT] or pulmonary embolism) in patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery, but its cost-effectiveness is undetermined. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of(More)
An automated method for ankle systolic pressure measurement, less operator dependent than the standard continuous wave (CW) Doppler technique, would imply an advantage both in patient measurements and in epidemiological studies. We present a new photoplethysmographic (PPG) probe that uses near-infrared light (880 nm) to detect pulsatory blood flow(More)
Photoplethysmography (PPG) can be used to measure systolic blood pressure at the brachial artery. With a specially designed probe, positioned in the most distal position beneath a pressure cuff on the upper arm, this is possible. The distance between the light source (880 nm) and the photodetector was 20 mm. A test was performed on neuro-intensive care(More)
OBJECTIVES Nociceptive thresholds and supra-threshold pain ratings as well as their reduction upon local injection with lidocaine were compared between healthy subjects and patients with erythromelalgia (EM). METHODS Lidocaine (0.25, 0.50, 1.0 or 10 mg/mL) or placebo (saline) was injected intradermally in non-painful areas of the lower arm, in a(More)
Background: Polymorphisms affecting Toll-like receptor (TLR) structure appear to be rare, as would be expected due to their essential coordinator role in innate immunity. Here, we assess variation in TLR4 expression, rather than structure, as a mechanism to diversify innate immune responses. Methodology/Principal Findings: We sequenced the TLR4 promoter(More)
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