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The vast extent of the Amazon Basin has historically restricted the study of its tree communities to the local and regional scales. Here, we provide empirical data on the commonness, rarity, and richness of lowland tree species across the entire Amazon Basin and Guiana Shield (Amazonia), collected in 1170 tree plots in all major forest types. Extrapolations(More)
Estimates of extinction risk for Amazonian plant and animal species are rare and not often incorporated into land-use policy and conservation planning. We overlay spatial distribution models with historical and projected deforestation to show that at least 36% and up to 57% of all Amazonian tree species are likely to qualify as globally threatened under(More)
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease associated with auto-antibody production and resulting widespread inflammation that has potential to affect and damage many organ systems. Gastrointestinal manifestations of SLE are well documented in the literature but the exact extent and frequency of their presence is likely grossly(More)
Various Candida species have emerged as clinically important pathogens, as documented by increasing incidence of localized Candida infections, candidemia, and systemic candidiasis. Septic bursitis caused by fungi has been described infrequently. We describe a case of septic olecranon bursitis caused by Candida parapsilosis. The patient responded well to(More)
We describe 3 patients given intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) who developed acute renal failure temporally related to IVIG therapy. The rise in BUN and creatinine appeared to be transient and reversible 8-14 days after discontinuation of the drug. Renal dysfunction was mild in 2 patients but was severe in one who presented with azotemia, worsening(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of local application of ice on duration and severity of acute gouty arthritis. METHODS Nineteen patients with acute gout were enrolled and randomized into 2 groups. Group A (n = 10) received topical ice therapy, oral prednisone 30 mg PO tapered to 0 over 6 days and colchicine 0.6 mg/day. Group B was the control group (n =(More)
OBJECTIVE Information regarding effect of weather conditions on gout is sparse. We conducted a study in the USA to examine whether gout is seasonal. METHODS We reviewed synovial fluid (SF) analyses from our laboratory during 1990-1995 and identified 359 patients who had acute gouty attacks. All fluids of patients with acute gout had intracellular(More)
Dr. Bruce Hoffman is Director of the Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence and Chairman of the Department of International Relations, St. Andrews University, Scotland. The face of terrorism is changing. New adversaries, new motivations, and new rationales have surfaced in recent years to challenge the conventional wisdom on both(More)