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BACKGROUND Magnitudes, geographic and racial variation in trends in coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality within the US require updating for health services and health disparities research. Therefore the aim of this study is to present data on these trends through 2007. METHODS Data for CHD were analyzed using the US mortality files for 1999-2007(More)
We describe the anaesthetic management of a pair of thoracopagus twins of 14 months of age undergoing complex cardiac evaluation. Synchronous ventilation of the twins, needed for the ECG-gated magnetic resonance imaging-angiography, was achieved through a Carlens (Y) adaptor during procedures and transport. The complex logistical implications are obvious.(More)
The advent of medical nutrition therapy and nutritional physiology affords the opportunity to link diet to specific cardiovascular mechanisms, suggesting novel treatments for cardiovascular disease. This study tests the hypothesis that beetroot juice increases the plasma nitric oxide (NO) concentration, which is associated with improvements in(More)
We studied the value of angina pectoris as a predictor of significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in very elderly patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). The study population consisted of patients with age at least 70 years who were referred for balloon aortic valvuloplasty (n = 90 patients). Routine coronary angiography was performed before the(More)
We compared the combination of aspirin plus clopidrogrel (A+C) with aspirin and ticlopidine (A+T) for prevention of subacute stent thrombosis in 827 patients. At 30-day follow-up, there were trends toward increased subacute thrombosis with A+C compared with A+T (1.3% vs 0.2%, p = 0.10). These results suggest that A+C may have marginally higher subacute(More)
Previous studies have shown that beetroot juice (BJ) decreases systolic blood pressure (SBP) and oxygen demand. This study tests the hypothesis that a beetroot juice (BJ) treatment increases heart rate variability (HRV) measured by the average standard deviation of normal-normal electrocardiogram RR intervals (SDNN) and the low frequency (LF), mainly(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary valve endocarditis without the involvement of other valves represents 1.5-2% of all cases of infective endocarditis. Isolated pulmonary valve endocarditis caused by Candida is extremely rare with only one reported case in the literature and none reported in the United States. Guidelines for management of Candida endocarditis recommend a(More)
Cerebral blood flow dysregulation is often associated with hypertension. We hypothesized that a beetroot juice (BRJ) treatment could decrease blood pressure and cerebrovascular resistance (CVR). We subjected 12 healthy females to control and BRJ treatments. Cerebrovascular resistance index (CVRI), systolic blood pressure (SBP), total vascular resistance(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial ischemia can impair myocardial relaxation and result in increased left ventricular (LV) diastolic pressure. Noninvasive measurements of mitral annular velocities have been used to evaluate LV diastolic pressure. We sought to determine whether mitral annular velocities, derived from novel speckle tracking echocardiography (STE), could(More)