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The current design requirement for a tissue engineering skin substitute is that of a biodegradable scaffold through which fibroblasts can migrate and populate. This artificial "dermal layer" needs to adhere to and integrate with the wound, which is not always successful for the current artificial dermal analogues available. The high cost of these artificial(More)
The expression of metallothionein (MT), an intracellular ubiquitous low molecular weight protein thiol with antioxidant properties, was studied in nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) and correlated with the apoptotic index. Immunohistochemical staining of randomly selected, formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded normal and malignant nasopharyngeal tissues were(More)
Breast lesions with mucin represent a broad spectrum of entities, ranging from benign fibrocystic changes with luminal mucin to mucocele-like lesions (MLL), which can be associated with banal epithelial alterations, atypical ductal hyperplasia or ductal carcinoma in situ. Occasionally invasive mucinous carcinoma can be identified in contiguity with MLL.(More)
BACKGROUND Fragmentation of genomic DNA in apoptosis/programmed cell death (PCD) is a characteristic hallmark in which both 2N and 4N DNA from G1, S, and G2/M cell cycle phases were seen degraded to the sub-2N Ao level in PCD such as from serum deprivation, glucocorticoid treatment, and gamma-radiation. However M-phase (mitotic) cells are said to perish(More)
INTRODUCTION The proto-oncogene c-erbB2, located on chromosome 17q21, encodes a 185-kD transmembrane glycoprotein. It is known to be overexpressed, amplified, or both in 20% to 30% of breast cancers. C-erbB2 belongs to the human epidermal growth factor receptor (tyrosine kinase receptor) family that plays an important role in cell cycle regulation and(More)
Mammography detected 34 (25%) cases of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast out of a total of 135 cancers diagnosed in 28, 231 participating women during the Singapore breast screening project. Radiologic findings in these 34 women with DCIS were calcifications only in 25 (74%); mass only in 2 (6%); and mass with calcifications in the remaining 7(More)
The aetiology of the keloid scar has not been completely elucidated. Numerous hypotheses have been proposed in the past to explain the unusual characteristics of the keloid scar. While we do know that there is excessive and ongoing collagen-deposition, the exact triggering stimulus is a subject of conjecture. We present some of our photographic records of(More)
Chondroitin sulfate is up-regulated in granulation tissue during wound healing. To investigate the role of chondroitin sulfate in the wound-healing process after surgical repair of cleft palate, we isolated and cultured rabbit palatal fibroblasts. Treatment with chondroitin-6-sulfate resulted in a dose-dependent increase in cell adhesion and cell(More)
BACKGROUND Parafibromin is a novel protein product of HRPT2, a recently identified tumour suppressor gene. Mutations of the HRPT2 gene are common in parathyroid carcinomas, and these exhibit reduced protein expression. Parafibromin expression in breast cancer has not been previously studied. AIMS To determine the distribution of parafibromin in breast(More)
Metallothionein (MT) is a cysteine-rich protein with pleiotropic functions and a high binding affinity for heavy metals. The present study was designed to examine the relationship between MT expression and tissue zinc levels in conjunction with cell proliferation in nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC). Proliferative activity in NPC was quantified by Ki67(More)