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The novel object recognition (NOR) task is a paradigm employed to detect both disruption and improvement of non-spatial memory in rats. PCP (phencyclidine) may be used to model aspects of schizophrenia symptomology in rats, in particular cognitive deficits. The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of typical and atypical antipsychotics to(More)
Cognitive deficits in schizophrenia remain an unmet clinical need. Improved understanding of the neuro- and psychopathology of these deficits depends on the availability of carefully validated animal models which will assist the development of novel therapies. There is much evidence that at least some of the pathology and symptomatology (particularly(More)
This study examined the efficacy of sertindole in comparison with a selective 5-HT6 and a 5-HT2A receptor antagonist to reverse sub-chronic phencyclidine (PCP)-induced cognitive deficits in female rats. In the first test, adult female hooded Lister rats were trained to perform an operant reversal learning task to 90% criterion. After training, rats were(More)
It has been suggested that the isolation rearing paradigm models certain aspects of schizophrenia symptomatology. This study aimed to investigate whether isolation rearing impairs rats' performance in two models of cognition: the novel object recognition (NOR) and attentional set-shifting tasks, tests of episodic memory and executive function, respectively.(More)
RATIONALE Nicotinic α7 acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) have been highlighted as a target for cognitive enhancement in schizophrenia. AIM To investigate whether the deficits induced by sub-chronic phencyclidine (PCP) in reversal learning and novel object recognition could be attenuated by the selective α7 nAChR full agonist, PNU-282987. METHODS Adult(More)
Cognitive deficits are common in schizophrenia. Asenapine is an atypical antipsychotic approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in adults for treatment of schizophrenia or acute treatment, as monotherapy or adjunct therapy to lithium or valproate, of manic or mixed episodes of bipolar I disorder. Based on the receptor pharmacology of asenapine, the(More)
Varying levels of attention and impulsivity deficits are core features of the three subtypes of adult attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). To date, little is known about the neurobiological correlates of these subtypes. Development of a translational animal model is essential to improve our understanding and improve therapeutic strategies. The(More)
This study investigated the effects of the dopamine D(4) receptor agonist, PD168077, on recognition memory using a novel object recognition task, which detects disruption and improvement of recognition memory in rats by measuring their ability to discriminate between familiar and novel objects. When acquisition and test were 6 h apart (experiment 1),(More)
Cognitive deficits are a major clinical unmet need in schizophrenia. The psychotomimetic drug phencyclidine (PCP) is widely applied in rodents to mimic symptoms of schizophrenia, including cognitive deficits. Previous studies have shown that sub-chronic PCP induces an enduring episodic memory deficit in female Lister Hooded rats in the novel object(More)
Substantial increases in body weight can be induced by several antipsychotic drugs, most notably olanzapine and clozapine. Antagonism at certain receptors, particularly 5-HT2C and histamine H1 receptors, is implicated in this effect. We have investigated the contribution of effects at these receptors to olanzapine-induced weight gain occurring over 5 days(More)