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BACKGROUND IL-10 is an anti-inflammatory cytokine primarily produced by monocytes and macrophages and plays a key role in asthma. IL10 gene, present in chromosome 1q31-q32, is regulated primarily by transcription and its expression is found to be lower in asthmatics. Earlier studies in diverse populations have identified several promoter polymorphisms.(More)
Transformed root cultures of Withania somnifera Dunal (Solanaceae) were obtained by infecting shoots cultured in vitro with Agrobacterium rhizogenes LBA 9402. They grew axenically in the absence of exogenous plant growth regulators in Murashige and Skoog's medium containing 3% (w/v) sucrose. The root cultures synthesized several withanolides of which(More)
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, an important proinflammatory cytokine, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis, a multi-systemic granulomatous disorder of unknown aetiology. Here, we report for the first time the association of TNF haplotypes and genotypes with sarcoidosis and its prognosis in the Indian population. Five potentially(More)
Cell culture of Taxus wallichiana Zucc (= T. baccata ssp wallichiana Zucc. Pilg.) (Himalayan yew) has been established and taxol-producing cell lines selected by cell line cloning. Cell line NC110 derived from needle leaf of a 40-year-old tree growing in Darjeeling Himalayas produced 0.018% taxol in B5 basal medium supplemented with 2,4-D (2 mg/l), kinetin(More)
As a transcriptional activator, the N protein of phage lambda acts to suppress transcription termination by recognizing a promoter-proximal site, nut, which is separated from the terminators by thousands of base pairs. We demonstrate here that N interacts with the elongating RNA polymerase in transit through the boxB domain of nut. This interaction leads to(More)
Bacteriophage lambda N gene product acts to modify host RNA polymerase allowing the formation of a termination-resistant transcription apparatus. Previous studies have demonstrated that the nusE71 mutation that has altered the ribosomal protein S10 prevents N action in vivo. Using a coupled transcription-translation system, we demonstrate here that purified(More)
Suspension cultures derived from gall calli which were obtained following infection with Agrobacterium tumefaciens (C58) were established in Coleus forskohlii. Cell line selection following single cell cloning or cell aggregate cloning was carried out to select cell lines capable of fast growth and for producing high level of forskolin. A fast growing cell(More)
Transcription antitermination by phage lambda N protein is reproduced in vitro solely with purified components. We have placed a strong rho-independent terminator, lambda tR', in the PL operon about 200 base pairs downstream from the N-recognition site, nutL, and have monitored terminated and run-off transcripts produced by single-round transcription of(More)