B G Mattias Luukkonen

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  • Katia Simmen, J Singh, +6 authors K Früh
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 2001
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection alters the expression of many cellular genes, including IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) [Zhu, H., Cong, J.-P., Mamtora, G., Gingeras, T. & Shenk, T. (1998) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 14470-14475]. By using high-density cDNA microarrays, we show that the HCMV-regulated gene expression profile in fibroblasts does not(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), the most frequent malignancy afflicting AIDS patients, is characterized by spindle cell formation and vascularization. Infection with KS-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is consistently observed in all forms of KS. Spindle cell formation can be replicated in vitro by infection of dermal microvascular endothelial cells (DMVEC) with KSHV.(More)
In this study, we examined the mechanism of translation of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 tat mRNA in eucaryotic cells. This mRNA contains the tat open reading frame (ORF), followed by rev and nef ORFs, but only the first ORF, encoding tat, is efficiently translated. Introduction of premature stop codons in the tat ORF resulted in efficient(More)
A conserved 3' splice site YAG is essential for the second step of pre-mRNA splicing but no trans-acting factor recognizing this sequence has been found. A direct, non-Watson-Crick interaction between the intron terminal nucleotides was suggested to affect YAG selection. The mechanism of YAG recognition was proposed to involve 5' to 3' scanning originating(More)
Nuclear pre-mRNA splicing necessitates specific recognition of the pre-mRNA splice sites. It is known that 5' splice site selection requires base pairing of U6 snRNA with intron positions 4-6. However, no factor recognizing the highly conserved 5' splice site GU has yet been identified. We have tested if the known U6 snRNA-pre-mRNA interaction could be(More)
A combination of point mutations disrupting both stem 1 and stem 2 of U5 snRNA (U5AI) was found to confer a thermosensitive phenotype in vivo. In a strain expressing U5AI, pre-mRNA splicing was blocked before the first step through an inability of the mutant U5 snRNA to efficiently associate with the U4/U6 di-snRNP. Formation of early splicing complexes was(More)
Selection of pre-mRNA splice sites is a highly accurate process involving many trans-acting factors. Recently, we described a role for U6 snRNA position G52 in selection of the first intron nucleotide (+1G). Because some U2 alleles suppress U6-G52 mutations, we investigated whether the corresponding U2 snRNA region also influenced 5' splice site selection.(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is the most frequent malignancy afflicting acquired immune-deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. Tumor lesions are characterized by spindle cells of vascular origin and vascularization. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpes virus (KSHV) is consistently found in all forms of KS. Infection of dermal microvascular endothelial cells (DMVEC)(More)
Gene disruption and tagging can be achieved by homologous recombination in the yeast genome. Several PCR-based methods have been described towards this end. However these strategies are often limited in their applications and/or their efficiencies and may be technically demanding. Here we describe two plasmids for C-terminal tagging of proteins with the IgG(More)
Here we have investigated if human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) protease expressed in trans can interfere with production of infectious HIV-1 particles. Protease produced from a Tat and Rev inducible expression plasmid specifically cleaved HIV-1 p55Gag in a dose-dependent manner. Coexpression of protease and an infectious HIV-1 proviral clone(More)