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Activation of the human NADPH oxidase requires the interaction of at least four cytosolic proteins and one membrane-bound heterodimeric protein. Src homology 3 (SH3) domains and their proline-rich counterstructures have been shown to play an important role in protein-protein interactions. Because it was found that the cytosolic oxidase components p67phox,(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) were raised against cytochrome b558, a membrane-bound component of the NADPH:O2 oxidoreductase in human neutrophils. This cytochrome consists of a low-molecular-weight (low-mol-wt) subunit of 22 to 23 Kd, probably encoded by an autosomal gene, and a high-mol-wt subunit of 75 to 90 Kd, encoded on the X-chromosome. MoAb 449(More)
Src homology 3 (SH3) domains have been suggested to play an important role in the assembly of the superoxide-forming nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase upon activation of phagocytes, which involves the association of membrane-bound and cytosolic components. We studied the translocation of the cytosolic proteins to the plasma(More)
Phagocytic leukocytes contain an activatable NADPH:O2 oxidoreductase. Components of this enzyme system include cytochrome b558, and three soluble oxidase components (SOC I, SOC II, and SOC III) found in the cytosol of resting cells. Previously, we found that SOC II copurifies with, and is probably identical to, a 47-kDa substrate of protein kinase C. In the(More)
Intracellular oxidation of dihydrorhodamine 123 (DHR) to the fluorescent compound rhodamine 123 (Rho123) was used to detect the production of oxygen metabolites in activated neutrophils. Total leukocyte preparations can be used in this assay, which is a great advantage when priming of the respiratory burst is studied. We have defined the conditions that(More)
The NADPH oxidase of human eosinophils, measured in the cell-free system, shows the same characteristics as the enzyme from human neutrophils. All proteins required for activity of the enzyme are expressed in eosinophils at a higher level than in neutrophils. Eosinophils isolated from patients with chronic granulomatous disease show the same molecular(More)
The NADPH:O2 oxidoreductase of phagocytic leukocytes is an important enzyme for the bactericidal activity of these cells. Cytochrome b558 is a membrane component of this enzyme. In X-linked chronic granulomatous disease (Xb- CGD) the phagocytes are defective in the beta-subunit (gp91-phox) of this cytochrome. We have studied the genetic defect in a group of(More)
The superoxide-forming NADPH oxidase of human phagocytes is composed of membrane-bound and cytosolic proteins which, upon cell activation, assemble on the plasma membrane to form the active enzyme. Patients suffering from chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) are defective in one of the following components: p47-phox and p67-phox, residing in the cytosol of(More)
Eosinophil peroxidase (donor:hydrogen peroxide oxidoreductase, EC 1.11.1.7) was isolated from outdated human white blood cells. The purified enzyme has a molecular weight of 71000 +/- 1000. The enzyme is composed of two subunits, of Mr 58000 and 14000, in a 1:1 stoichiometry. Amino-acid analyses showed that eosinophil peroxidase has a high content of the(More)