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Astronomy & Astrophysics The solar photospheric abundance of europium. ABSTRACT Context. Europium is an almost pure r-process element, which may be useful as a reference in nucleocosmochronology. Aims. To determine the photospheric solar abundance using CO5BOLD 3-D hydrodynamical model atmospheres. Methods. Disc-centre and integrated-flux observed solar(More)
We present the first hydrodynamic, multi-dimensional simulations of He-shell flash convection. Specifically, we investigate the properties of shell convection at a time immediately before the He-luminosity peak during the 15 th thermal pulse of a stellar evolution track with initially two solar masses and metallicity Z = 0.01. This choice is a(More)
Three-dimensional numerical simulations with CO 5 BOLD, a new radiation hydrodynamics code, result in a dynamic, thermally bifurcated model of the non-magnetic chromosphere of the quiet Sun. The 3-D model includes the middle and low chromosphere, the photosphere, and the top of the convection zone, where acoustic waves are excited by convective motions.(More)
Based on detailed 2D numerical radiation hydro-dynamics (RHD) calculations of time-dependent compressible convection, we have studied the dynamics and thermal structure of the convective surface layers of solar-type stars. The RHD models provide information about the convective efficiency in the superadiabatic region at the top of convective envelopes and(More)
Within the next few years, GAIA and several instruments aiming to image extrasolar planets will be ready. In parallel, low-mass planets are being sought around red dwarfs, which offer more favourable conditions, for both radial velocity detection and transit studies, than solar-type stars. In this paper, the authors of a model atmosphere code that has(More)
Context. The continuum intensity at wavelengths around 1 mm provides an excellent way to probe the solar chromosphere and thus valuable input for the ongoing controversy on the thermal structure and the dynamics of this layer. Aims. The synthetic continuum intensity maps for near-millimetre wavelengths presented here demonstrate the potential of future(More)
Key words Sun: helioseismology – Sun: magnetic fields – Sun: chromosphere With numerical experiments we explore the feasibility of using high frequency waves for probing the magnetic fields in the photosphere and the chromosphere of the Sun. We track a plane-parallel, monochromatic wave that propagates through a non-stationary, realistic atmosphere, from(More)
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