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AIMS Non-compaction of the left ventricular myocardium (NCVM) is reportedly exceedingly rare and associated with a high morbidity and mortality. A different genetic background has been suggested for NCVM with [non-isolated NCVM (ni-NCVM)] and without [isolated NCVM (i-NCVM)] other congenital heart defects. We prospectively evaluated both the NCVM subgroups(More)
To analyze the effects of radiochemotherapy on the pro-oxidative/antioxidative balance in plasma, we measured the total radical antioxidant parameter of plasma (TRAP) and single plasma antioxidants (uric acid, sulfhydryl groups, alpha-tocopherol, ubiquinone-10/total coenzyme-Q10 ratio, ascorbate, and bilirubin) every 12 h during high-dose chemotherapy and(More)
Organ toxicity in BMT may in part be due to free radical damage. Therefore the 'Total Radical-trapping Antioxidant Parameter of plasma' (TRAP), individual plasma antioxidants, serum iron and linoleic acid, a main substrate of lipid peroxidation, were monitored before and after BMT, and they were compared with values obtained from healthy controls. Seven(More)
Parkin and the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) receptor RET have both been independently linked to the dopaminergic neuron degeneration that underlies Parkinson's disease (PD). In the present study, we demonstrate that there is genetic crosstalk between parkin and the receptor tyrosine kinase RET in two different mouse models of PD. Mice(More)
Nontransferrin-bound iron (NTBI) and other parameters of iron status were measured in 40 patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation (BMT) prior to conditioning therapy (between day -10 and -7), at the time of BMT (day 0), and 2 weeks later (day + 14). Serum iron and transferrin saturation values were normal before conditioning therapy. At day 0 serum(More)
Oxidative mechanisms play an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases. To assess whether the oxidation of brain lipoproteins plays a role in the development of these pathologies, we investigated whether the lipoproteins of human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are susceptible to oxidative(More)
The impairment of nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilation in diabetes has been attributed to increased vascular oxidative stress. Lipoic acid has been shown to have substantial antioxidative properties. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of lipoic acid on NO-mediated vasodilation in diabetic patients in comparison with the well-recognized effect(More)
Although low density lipoprotein (LDL) susceptibility to oxidation is expected to be primarily related to its composition, the individual contributions of different constituents to its oxidizability remain unclear. The present study was undertaken to elucidate how different constituents of isolated LDL determine its susceptibility to oxidation induced by(More)
Lipoprotein oxidation induced in vitro in whole plasma is expected to represent a more relevant model of the lipoprotein oxidation in the arterial wall than the in vitro oxidation of single isolated lipoproteins, e.g. low density lipoprotein (LDL). However, it remains unclear, how lipoprotein oxidation occurring in plasma is related to chemical composition(More)
Oxidative stress seems to contribute to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)-related postoperative complications. Pediatric patients are particularly prone to these complications. With this in mind, we measured oxidative stress markers in blood plasma of 20 children undergoing elective heart surgery before, during, and up to 48 h after cessation of CPB, along with(More)