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Peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs) and D-bifunctional protein (D-BP) deficiency are two types of inherited peroxisomal disorders. Patients with a PBD lack functional peroxisomes and patients with D-BP deficiency lack the enzyme, which is responsible for the second and third step of the peroxisomal beta-oxidation. The clinical presentation of these(More)
AIMS Non-compaction of the left ventricular myocardium (NCVM) is reportedly exceedingly rare and associated with a high morbidity and mortality. A different genetic background has been suggested for NCVM with [non-isolated NCVM (ni-NCVM)] and without [isolated NCVM (i-NCVM)] other congenital heart defects. We prospectively evaluated both the NCVM subgroups(More)
Nontransferrin-bound iron (NTBI) and other parameters of iron status were measured in 40 patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation (BMT) prior to conditioning therapy (between day -10 and -7), at the time of BMT (day 0), and 2 weeks later (day + 14). Serum iron and transferrin saturation values were normal before conditioning therapy. At day 0 serum(More)
Parkin and the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) receptor RET have both been independently linked to the dopaminergic neuron degeneration that underlies Parkinson's disease (PD). In the present study, we demonstrate that there is genetic crosstalk between parkin and the receptor tyrosine kinase RET in two different mouse models of PD. Mice(More)
Alpha-Tocopherol is a classical lipophilic antioxidant well known as a scavenger of free radicals in a hydrophobic milieu. However, it can develop both anti- and prooxidant activity in isolated low density lipoprotein (LDL). It is unknown how these activities are balanced in vivo in human plasma. We studied oxidation of plasma and LDL isolated from healthy(More)
To analyze the effects of radiochemotherapy on the pro-oxidative/antioxidative balance in plasma, we measured the total radical antioxidant parameter of plasma (TRAP) and single plasma antioxidants (uric acid, sulfhydryl groups, alpha-tocopherol, ubiquinone-10/total coenzyme-Q10 ratio, ascorbate, and bilirubin) every 12 h during high-dose chemotherapy and(More)
Oxidative mechanisms play an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases. To assess whether the oxidation of brain lipoproteins plays a role in the development of these pathologies, we investigated whether the lipoproteins of human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are susceptible to oxidative(More)
Oxidative stress seems to contribute to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)-related postoperative complications. Pediatric patients are particularly prone to these complications. With this in mind, we measured oxidative stress markers in blood plasma of 20 children undergoing elective heart surgery before, during, and up to 48 h after cessation of CPB, along with(More)
Oxidative modification of lipoproteins in vessel walls plays a key role in atherogenesis. Patients with glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSD Ia) do not develop premature atherosclerosis despite severe hyperlipidemia. We analyzed antioxidative defense and oxidative stress in plasma and serum of patients with GSD Ia (n = 17) compared to patients with type I(More)
Patients with mevalonate kinase deficiency suffer from psychomotor retardation, ataxia with progredient cerebellar atrophy, and myopathy. The pathophysiology of the disease remains unclear. The mevalonate kinase product, cholesterol, is within the normal range in patient plasma and fibroblasts. In search of the pathophysiology of this disorder, another(More)