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Oxidative mechanisms play an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases. To assess whether the oxidation of brain lipoproteins plays a role in the development of these pathologies, we investigated whether the lipoproteins of human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are susceptible to oxidative(More)
Nontransferrin-bound iron (NTBI) and other parameters of iron status were measured in 40 patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation (BMT) prior to conditioning therapy (between day -10 and -7), at the time of BMT (day 0), and 2 weeks later (day + 14). Serum iron and transferrin saturation values were normal before conditioning therapy. At day 0 serum(More)
The impairment of nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilation in diabetes has been attributed to increased vascular oxidative stress. Lipoic acid has been shown to have substantial antioxidative properties. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of lipoic acid on NO-mediated vasodilation in diabetic patients in comparison with the well-recognized effect(More)
Oxidative stress seems to contribute to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)-related postoperative complications. Pediatric patients are particularly prone to these complications. With this in mind, we measured oxidative stress markers in blood plasma of 20 children undergoing elective heart surgery before, during, and up to 48 h after cessation of CPB, along with(More)
To analyze the effects of radiochemotherapy on the pro-oxidative/antioxidative balance in plasma, we measured the total radical antioxidant parameter of plasma (TRAP) and single plasma antioxidants (uric acid, sulfhydryl groups, alpha-tocopherol, ubiquinone-10/total coenzyme-Q10 ratio, ascorbate, and bilirubin) every 12 h during high-dose chemotherapy and(More)
Lipoprotein oxidation induced in vitro in whole plasma is expected to represent a more relevant model of the lipoprotein oxidation in the arterial wall than the in vitro oxidation of single isolated lipoproteins, e.g. low density lipoprotein (LDL). However, it remains unclear, how lipoprotein oxidation occurring in plasma is related to chemical composition(More)
Dysfunction of the alpha-tocopherol transfer protein causes ataxia with isolated vitamin E deficiency. A 14-year-old male patient presented with ataxia and mental symptoms caused by a homozygous (552G-->A) alpha-tocopherol transfer protein mutation. After initiation of high-dosage alpha-tocopherol therapy, the organic mental syndrome disappeared and(More)
Organ toxicity in BMT may in part be due to free radical damage. Therefore the 'Total Radical-trapping Antioxidant Parameter of plasma' (TRAP), individual plasma antioxidants, serum iron and linoleic acid, a main substrate of lipid peroxidation, were monitored before and after BMT, and they were compared with values obtained from healthy controls. Seven(More)
Peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs) and D-bifunctional protein (D-BP) deficiency are two types of inherited peroxisomal disorders. Patients with a PBD lack functional peroxisomes and patients with D-BP deficiency lack the enzyme, which is responsible for the second and third step of the peroxisomal beta-oxidation. The clinical presentation of these(More)
Alpha-Tocopherol is a classical lipophilic antioxidant well known as a scavenger of free radicals in a hydrophobic milieu. However, it can develop both anti- and prooxidant activity in isolated low density lipoprotein (LDL). It is unknown how these activities are balanced in vivo in human plasma. We studied oxidation of plasma and LDL isolated from healthy(More)