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OBJECTIVES We aimed to describe the clinical and imaging characteristics; associated risk factors and neurological outcome of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS From October 2001 to January 2007, we identified patients with SLE and the criteria for PRES in our institution, which(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of oral delayed-release dimethyl fumarate (DMF; also known as gastro-resistant DMF) on MRI lesion activity and load, atrophy, and magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) measures from the Comparator and an Oral Fumarate in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (CONFIRM) study. METHODS CONFIRM was a 2-year, placebo-controlled(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondrial cytopathies (MCs) are a heterogeneous group of clinical entities, some of which have classic phenotypes. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been reported to be helpful in the diagnosis of MC. OBJECTIVE To correlate the most common brain MRI findings reported in patients with MC with the clinical findings in patients in different(More)
Oculomotor and oculovestibular functions in a patient who had undergone a left hemispherectomy were examined under a variety of visual and vestibular stimuli. The main findings were an inability to hold left eccentric gaze, resulting in gaze-evoked nystagmus to that side; inaccurate saccades to the right; defective smooth pursuit to the left; asymmetrical(More)
Fifty-one cases of cerebral cysticercosis proved by surgery or CT scanning were studied prospectively with the ELISA test in order to detect anticysticercous antibodies in blood and CSF. The ELISA test was also performed for detection of antibodies in 20 control patients who had CSF withdrawn during a myelogram and in 119 serum samples of asymptomatic(More)
BACKGROUND Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a rare complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS We made a retrospective search for patients with SLE and nontraumatic SAH from 1990 to 2006. RESULTS We found 10 patients with SLE and primary SAH of a total of 1,077 patients with SLE (0.93%); mean age of onset was 37.4 +/- 15.25 years and the(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes affects approximately 250 million people in the world. Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy is a common complication of diabetes that leads to severe postural hypotension, exercise intolerance, and increased incidence of silent myocardial infarction. OBJECTIVE To determine the variability of heart rate (HR) and systolic blood pressure(More)
Predisposition to MS is associated with the HLA-DR2 antigen in white patients. The authors investigated the genetic factors behind the increasing frequency of MS in the Mexican population. HLA-DR and DQ were analyzed in 17 patients with MS, 15 of their first-degree relatives, and 99 healthy ethnically matched controls. DR2 or DR3 was found in 15 of 17(More)
BACKGROUND The myasthenia gravis is twice as common in women as in men and frequently affects young women in the second and third decades of life, overlapping with the childbearing years. Generally, during pregnancy in one third of patients the disease exacerbates, whereas in two thirds it remains clinically unchanged. Complete remission can occur in some(More)
BACKGROUND The meningitides are rare but well-identified complications in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). AIMS To determine the clinical characteristics, risk factors, prevalence and outcomes of the meningitides (septic and aseptic) in patients with SLE. PATIENTS AND METHODS From January 1988 to December 2006, we identified patients(More)