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It has been established that a suitably designed unpowered mechanical biped may \walk" down an inclined plane all by itself and eventually acquire a stable periodic gait. The characteristics of this periodic gait (e.g., velocity, time period) depend on the geometry of the biped and the slope of the plane. The energy to maintain the periodic motion comes(More)
Overexpression in Leishmania amazonensis promastigotes of the GTPase-deficient small G protein LdARL-3A-Q70L specifically provokes the loss of the flagella without affecting cell viability and body size. However, motility is lost and, remarkably, cells do not survive in the insect vector Lutzomyia longipalpis gut, leading to interruption of parasite(More)
We report the functional characterization of a soluble pyrophosphatase (TbVSP1), which localizes to acidocalcisomes, a vesicular acidic compartment of Trypanosoma brucei. Depending on the pH and the cofactors Mg(2+) or Zn(2+), both present in the compartment, the enzyme hydrolyzes either inorganic pyrophosphate (PP(i)) (k(cat) = 385 s(-1)) or tripolyP(More)
Diversity in coral reef fishes is not evenly distributed and tends to accumulate in the Indo-Malay-Philippines Archipelago (IMPA). The comprehension of the mechanisms that initiated this pattern is in its infancy despite its importance for the conservation of coral reefs. Considering the IMPA either as an area of overlap or a cradle of marine biodiversity,(More)
We present here the characterisation of the Leishmania small G protein ADP-Ribosylation Factor-Like protein 1 (ARL-1). The ARL-1 gene is present in one copy per haploid genome and conserved among trypanosomatids. It encodes a protein of 20 kDa, which is equally expressed in the insect promastigote and mammalian amastigote forms of the parasite. ARL-1(More)
Marine fishes exhibit spectacular phenotypic changes during their ontogeny, and the identification of their early stages is challenging due to the paucity of diagnostic morphological characters at the species level. Meanwhile, the importance of early life stages in dispersal and connectivity has recently experienced an increasing interest in conservation(More)
We report the functional characterization in Leishmania amazonensis of a soluble pyrophosphatase (LaVSP1) that localizes in acidocalcisomes, a vesicular acidic compartment. LaVSP1 is preferentially expressed in metacyclic forms. Experiments with dominant negative mutants show the requirement of LaVSP1 functional expression for metacyclogenesis and virulence(More)
We have shown previously that expression of the GTP-blocked form of the small G protein LdARL-3A/Q70L led to a marked shortening of Leishmania promastigotes flagella. In contrast, there was no effect with the T30N mutant, thought to represent the GDP-blocked form. However, recent data, obtained with human ARF-6, a member of the same family of G proteins,(More)
During the Leishmania life cycle, the flagellum undergoes successive assembly and disassembly of hundreds of proteins. Understanding these processes necessitates the study of individual components. Here, we investigated LdFlabarin, an uncharacterized L. donovani flagellar protein. The gene is conserved within the Leishmania genus and orthologous genes only(More)
Leishmania are protozoan parasites that show remarkable diversity, as revealed by the various clinical forms of leishmaniasis, which can range from mild skin lesions to severe metastatic cutaneous/mucosal lesions. The exact nature and extent of Leishmania phenotypic diversity in establishing infection is not fully understood. In order to try to understand(More)