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We detected large numbers of HLA-DR-positive reactive microglia (macrophages), along with Lewy bodies and free melanin, in the substantia nigra of all cases studied with Parkinson's disease (5) and parkinsonism with dementia (PD) (5). We found similar, but less extensive, pathology in the substantia nigra of six of nine cases of dementia of the Alzheimer(More)
An investigation of the metabolism of [18F]-6-fluorodopa (FDOPA) given to carbidopa treated subjects for scanning by positron emission tomography (PET) has been carried out by analysis of plasma. Reverse phase ion pair HPLC and alumina extraction were employed to fractionate and identify the [18F]-labelled compounds of plasma over a two hour period. During(More)
Some patients with the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome appear to have hypergastrinaemia and hyperplasia of the antral G cells but no tumour. This subgroup has been classified as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome type 1. We have treated such a patient by vagotomy and antrectomy, the fasting plasma gastrin and acid secretion subsequently returning to normal.A 17-year-old(More)
[18F]-6-Fluoro-L-DOPA ([18F]DOPA), a tracer for cerebral dopamine in studies utilizing positron emission tomography (PET), is rapidly metabolized by catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) in the periphery following intravenous injection to carbidopa-pretreated humans and rats. Experiments were performed to determine the effect of pretreatment with(More)
Subcutaneous administration of methylmercury (MeHg) to rats during early postnatal development resulted in movement and postural disorders by day 22-24. Tissue concentrations of norepinephrine (NE), serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA) and selected metabolites were measured in the cerebral cortex, spinal cord and caudate-putamen at the onset of neurological(More)
Thirty-four healthy blood donors, found to be persistent HBAg carriers, have been investigated by means of serial liver function tests, bromsulphthalein (BSP) retention, and liver biopsy. Thirty-one of the donors had histological abnormalities including one with cirrhosis, three with chronic aggressive hepatitis, and 11 with chronic persistent hepatitis. In(More)
The metabolism of the positron-emitting compound [18F]6-fluoro-L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (*F-DOPA) was studied in carbidopa-pretreated male hooded rats. Thirty minutes following carbidopa administration (5 mg/kg i.p.), animals received *F-DOPA (500 micrograms/kg; specific activity, 175-230 Ci/mol) as an intrajugular bolus. Blood samples were taken at(More)
Tissue concentrations of noradrenaline (NA), serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA) and selected metabolites were measured in the spinal cord, cerebellum, cerebral cortex and caudate-putamen of developing mice following intraventricular inoculation with murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) on postnatal day 10. MCMV-infected animals exhibited transient signs of(More)