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This study addresses a central question in perception of novel figurative language: whether it is interpreted intelligently and figuratively immediately, or only after a literal interpretation fails. Eighty sentence frames that could plausibly end with a literal, truly anomalous, or figurative word were created. After validation for meaningfulness and(More)
1. The erectile response to the short-acting dopamine (DA) receptor agonist, apomorphine (Apo) HCl (0.25, 0.5, 0.75 and 1.0 mg sc), and placebo was evaluated in 28 impotent patients and penile circumference monitored using a mercury strain gauge and strip chart recording. 2. A full erection (increment in penile circumference greater than 2 cm and lasting at(More)
BACKGROUND Many dentists believe that sleep bruxism (SB) is a pathogenic factor in myofascial temporomandibular disorder (TMD), but almost all supportive data rely on patients' self-reports rather than on direct observation. METHODS The authors administered a structured self-report interview to determine whether a large and well-characterized sample of(More)
The antiepileptic effect of progesterone, 5-alpha-pregnane-3,20-dione, 3-alpha-hydroxy-5-alpha-pregnane-20-one, and 3-alpha-hydroxy-5-beta-pregnane-20-one were tested in an experimental animal model, and compared with the effect of clonazepam. The steroids were dissolved in serum from ovariectomized cats. Ovariectomized adult cats were used and spontaneous(More)
We investigated the hypothesis that the development and resolution of CNV waves may, in part at least, reflect time estimation processes in the nervous system. Specifically, we postulated that subjects with a high degree of accuracy in time estimation tasks will show a fast resolution of the negativity following the imperative stimulus (S2). The results(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Temporomandibular pain disorders (TMD) and myofascial pain were linked to increased prevalence of insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on clinical grounds. However, the literature lacks an accurate polysomnographic (PSG) characterization of sleep abnormalities associated with TMD, given that prior studies included small or(More)
A prevalent notion in the literature is that the pelvic floor muscles behave as a unitary mass. We examined this proposition experimentally. In spinal cats, we recorded EMG activity from the following pelvic floor muscles: the sphincter ani externus (SAE), the abductor caudae internus (coccygeus), and the levator ani (pubiocaudalis) muscles. The epaxial(More)
Apomorphine (Apo), a dopamine (DA) receptor agonist, induces yawning by stimulating central DA autoreceptors. Few data are available on Apo-induced yawning in man. A simple method for recording and measuring Apo-induced yawning by measuring the displacement of the lower jaw using a pair of linearlized magnetometers with one sensor attached to the forehead(More)