B. Douglas Ford

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Neuregulins are highly expressed in the CNS, especially in cholinergic neurons. We have examined the effect of neuregulin on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in neurons dissociated from the rat hippocampus. Rapid application of acetylcholine (ACh) induced a rapidly rising and decaying inward current in some of the neurons, which was completely(More)
Neuregulins are a family of growth factors with potent neuroprotective properties. We recently demonstrated that neuregulin-1 blocked delayed neuronal death following focal ischemic stroke in the rat. Focal ischemia results in the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines that produce profound changes in gene expression and contribute to cell death associated(More)
Alterations in cholinergic function due to prolonged ethanol exposure (up to 9 months) were assessed by choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity and high-affinity choline uptake (HAChU) in three brain regions of the Long-Evans rat: frontal cortex, parietal cortex, and region of the nucleus basalis of Meynert (NbM). No statistically significant changes were(More)
We have previously shown that neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) protects neurons from ischemic brain injury if administered before focal stroke. Here, we examined the therapeutic window and functional recovery after NRG-1 treatment in rats subjected to 90 mins of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and 24 h of reperfusion. Neuregulin-1 (2.5 microg/kg [corrected](More)
Organophosphate (OP) neurotoxins cause acute cholinergic toxicity and seizures resulting in delayed brain damage and persistent neurological symptoms. Testing novel strategies for protecting against delayed effects of acute OP intoxication has been hampered by the lack of appropriate animal models. In this study, we characterize the spatiotemporal pattern(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) results in irreversible damage at the site of impact and initiates cellular and molecular processes that lead to secondary neural injury in the surrounding tissue. We used microarray analysis to determine which genes, pathways and networks were significantly altered using a rat model of TBI. Adult rats received a unilateral(More)
We previously showed that neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) protected neurons from death in vivo following focal ischemia. The goal of this study was to develop an in vitro rat ischemia model to examine the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the neuroprotective effects of NRG-1 on ischemia-induced neuronal death. Rat B-35 neuroblastoma cells differentiated by(More)
Neuregulins comprise a group of growth factor proteins that regulate the differentiation of skeletal muscle. Here, we report that neuregulins are regulators of myogenic differentiation and stimulate mitogenesis in L6 skeletal myoblasts. The mitogenic response to neuregulin-1 was differentiation-dependent and observed only in aligned, differentiating cells.(More)
Recent work from our laboratory demonstrated that the expression neuregulin-1 in neurons was induced in the ischemic penumbra by focal stroke in the rat. Here, we show that a single intravascular injection of neuregulin-1beta (approximately 2.5 ng/kg) reduced cortical infarct volume by >98% when given immediately before middle cereral artery occlusion.(More)
Leptin-deficient (ob/ob) male mice are morbidly obese and exhibit impaired reproductive function. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of a leptin deficiency on testicular morphology, germ cell development, apoptotic activity within germ cells, and expression levels of apoptosis-related genes in the testis. Sixteen week-old ob/ob male mice(More)