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The mechanisms by which peroxisomal membrane proteins (PMPs) are targeted to and inserted into membranes are unknown, as are the required components. We show that among a collection of 16 Saccharomyces cerevisiae peroxisome biogenesis (pex) mutants, two mutants, pex3Delta and pex19Delta, completely lack detectable peroxisomal membrane structures and(More)
We identified a Saccharomyces cerevisiae peroxisomal membrane protein, Pex13p, that is essential for protein import. A point mutation in the COOH-terminal Src homology 3 (SH3) domain of Pex13p inactivated the protein but did not affect its membrane targeting. A two-hybrid screen with the SH3 domain of Pex13p identified Pex5p, a receptor for proteins with a(More)
We have cloned PEX15 which is required for peroxisome biogenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. pex15Delta cells are characterized by the cytosolic accumulation of peroxisomal matrix proteins containing a PTS1 or PTS2 import signal, whereas peroxisomal membrane proteins are present in peroxisomal remnants. PEX15 encodes a phosphorylated, integral peroxisomal(More)
Peroxisomes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are the exclusive site of fatty acid beta-oxidation. We have found that fatty acids reach the peroxisomal matrix via two independent pathways. The subcellular site of fatty acid activation varies with chain length of the substrate and dictates the pathway of substrate entry into peroxisomes. Medium-chain fatty acids(More)
The peroxisomal protein import receptor Pex5p is modified by ubiquitin, both in an Ubc4p-dependent and -independent manner. Here we show that the two types of ubiquitination target different residues in the NH(2)-terminal region of Pex5p and we identify Pex4p (Ubc10p) as the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme required for Ubc4p-independent ubiquitination. Whereas(More)
Rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata (RCDP) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized clinically by a disproportionately short stature primarily affecting the proximal parts of the extremities, typical dysmorphic facial appearance, congenital contractures and severe growth and mental retardation. Although some patients have single enzyme deficiencies,(More)
Pex5p is a mobile receptor for peroxisomal targeting signal type I-containing proteins that cycles between the cytoplasm and the peroxisome. Here we show that Pex5p is a stable protein that is monoubiquitinated in wild type cells. By making use of mutants defective in vacuolar or proteasomal degradation we demonstrate that monoubiquitinated Pex5p is not a(More)
To study peroxisome biogenesis, we developed a procedure to select for Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants defective in peroxisomal protein import or peroxisome assembly. For this purpose, a chimeric gene was constructed encoding the bleomycin resistance protein linked to the peroxisomal protein luciferase. In wild-type cells this chimeric protein is imported(More)
Two peroxisome targeting signals (PTSs) for matrix proteins have been well defined to date. PTS1 comprises a COOH-terminal tripeptide, SKL, and has been found in several matrix proteins, whereas PTS2 has been found only in peroxisomal thiolase and is contained within an NH2-terminal cleavable presequence. We have investigated the functional integrity of the(More)
Recent studies on the sorting of peroxisomal membrane proteins challenge the long-standing model in which peroxisomes are considered to be autonomous organelles that multiply by growth and division. Here, we present data lending support to the idea that the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is involved in sorting of the peroxisomal membrane protein Pex3p, a(More)