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AIMS To evaluate the prevalence of the 16189 variant of mitochondrial DNA in Korean adults and its association with insulin resistance. METHODS We investigated 160 non-diabetic subjects from a community-based diabetes survey conducted in Yonchon County, Korea in 1993. We extracted the DNA from peripheral blood and examined the 16189 variant by polymerase(More)
Resveratrol, a natural hydroxystilbene, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic activities. Inhibitory effects of resveratrol and its analogs on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in unopsonized zymosan-stimulated murine macrophage Raw264.7 cells, human monocytes, and neutrophils were analyzed to investigate if the(More)
The large conductance Ca2+ activated K+ channel (BK channel) has been considered to play an important role in the excitability and contractility of vascular smooth muscle cells. Activation of the BK channel causes the hyperpolarization and relaxation of vascular smooth muscle cells. It has been reported that fatty acids can affect the BK channel activity(More)
Carbon monoxide dehydrogenases (CO-DH) are the enzymes responsible for the oxidation of CO to carbon dioxide in carboxydobacteria and consist of three nonidentical subunits containing molybdopterin flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), and two different iron-sulfur clusters (O. Meyer, K. Frunzke, D. Gadkari, S. Jacobitz, I. Hugendieck, and M. Kraut, FEMS(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major human pathogen causing mild to severe liver disease worldwide and is remarkably efficient at establishing persistent infections. Previously, we have shown that the core protein has an immunomodulatory function including the suppression of T lymphocyte responses to viral infection. To investigate the underlying mechanism(More)
Catechol 2,3-dioxygenase (C23O), one of extradiol-type dioxygenases cleaving aromatic C-C bond at meta position of dihydroxylated aromatic substrates, catalyzes the conversion of catechol to 2-hydroxymuconic semialdehyde. As our ongoing study to characterize biochemical and genetic properties of the extradiol-type dioxygenases at molecular level, a C23O(More)
An inhibitor of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 activity of prostaglandin H2 synthase was isolated from aerial parts of Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. (Celastraceae), an oriental folk medicine for rheumatoid arthritis by activity-guided column chromatographic methods. The COX inhibitor was identified as (-)-epiafzelechin, a member of flavan-3-ols by the structural(More)
Acori graminei Rhizoma (AGR) is shown to exhibit a number of pharmacological actions including sedation and anticonvulsive action. To further characterize its actions in the CNS, the present study evaluated the effects of essential oils (EO) from AGR on the excitotoxic neuronal cell death induced in primary rat cortical cell cultures. EO inhibited the(More)