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BACKGROUND One of the aims of the World Health Organization/Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration joint program on psychiatric diagnosis and classification is the development and standardization of diagnostic assessment instruments for use in clinical research worldwide. The International Personality Disorder Examination (IPDE) is a(More)
BACKGROUND Previous twin studies have supported a genetic contribution to the major categories of psychotic disorders, but few of these have employed operational diagnostic criteria, and no such study has been based on a sample that included the full range of functional psychotic disorders. METHODS A total of 224 twin probands (106 monozygotic, 118(More)
Lifetime criminal and psychiatric histories were examined in a consecutive series of 280 individuals of twin birth with a diagnosis of major functional psychosis who were seen and followed up at the Maudsley Hospital between 1948 and 1988. Their 210 co-twins, 35% of whom had a similar diagnosis, were ascertained and followed up over the same period. In the(More)
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