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BACKGROUND Morbid obesity is a risk factor of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) could also be an independent risk factor for elevated liver enzymes and NASH. The relationships between liver injuries and OSA in morbidly obese patients requiring bariatric surgery were studied prospectively. METHODS Every consecutive morbidly(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this article was to evaluate the role of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), associated or not to cytoreductive surgery (CS) in the treatment of different stages of advanced gastric cancer (AGC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty seven patients with AGC who underwent 43 HIPEC from June 1992 to February 2007 were included.(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Early endoscopic recurrence is frequent after intestinal resection for Crohn's disease. Bacteria are involved, and probiotics may modulate immune responses to the intestinal flora. Here we tested the probiotic strain Lactobacillus johnsonii LA1 in this setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a randomised, double blind, placebo(More)
BACKGROUND With the increasing prevalence of obesity, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a major cause of liver diseases. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) could be related to NAFLD. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of SIBO and its relationship with liver lesions in morbidly obese patients. METHODS A glucose hydrogen(More)
BACKGROUND Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a multifactorial disease for which a dysbiosis of the gut microbiota has been described. Bile acids (BA) could play a role as they are endogenous laxatives and are metabolized by gut microbiota. We compared fecal BA profiles and microbiota in healthy subjects (HS) and patients with diarrhea-predominant IBS(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is a predisposing factor to gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD), but esophageal function remains poorly studied in morbidly obese patients and could be modified by bariatric surgery. METHODS Every morbidly obese patient (BMI > or =40 kg/m2 or > or =35 in association with co-morbidity) was prospectively included with an evaluation of(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnostic and therapeutic value of EGD in patients with upper GI bleeding is often limited by the presence of residual blood or clots. When infused before EGD, erythromycin, a potent gastrokinetic drug, might improve the quality of EGD in patients with upper GI bleeding. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of erythromycin on the(More)
BACKGROUND Tioguanine (TG) is an antimetabolite which may be regarded as an alternative to azathioprine (AZA)/mercaptopurine (MP) in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases. AIMS : To evaluate the tolerance and efficacy of TG in patients with Crohn's disease, intolerant or resistant to AZA/MP. METHODS An open prospective study was made on Crohn's(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of an aggressive strategy in patients presenting peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) from colorectal cancer with or without liver metastases (LMs) treated with cytoreductive surgery (CS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). PATIENTS AND METHODS The population included 43 patients(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Fibrin glue is a therapeutic for fistulas that activates thrombin to form a fibrin clot, which mechanically seals the fistula tract. We assessed the efficacy and safety of a heterologous fibrin glue that was injected into the fistula tracts of patients with Crohn's disease (ClinicalTrials.gov No. NCT00723047). METHODS This multicenter,(More)