B. Clifford Gerwick

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Natural products (NPs) have long been used as pesticides and have broadly served as a source of inspiration for a great many commercial synthetic organic fungicides, herbicides and insecticides that are in the market today. In light of the continuing need for new tools to address an ever-changing array of fungal, weed and insect pests, NPs continue to be a(More)
BACKGROUND The novel natural product cinnacidin was isolated from a fungal fermentation extract of Nectria sp. DA060097. The compound was found to contain a cyclopentalenone ring system with an isoleucine subunit linked through an amide bond. Initial biological characterization of cinnacidin suggested promising herbicidal activity. RESULTS Two synthetic(More)
A novel nucleoside phytotoxin, albucidin (1), was isolated from the culture broth of Streptomyces albus subsp. chlorinus NRRL B-24108 using bioassay directed fractionation. The structure of the new natural product, albucidin, was determined by NMR and MS; however, the compound has been reported earlier in the literature following synthetic modification of(More)
The discovery of sulfoxaflor [N-[methyloxido[1-[6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl]ethyl]-λ(4)-sulfanylidene] cyanamide] resulted from an investigation of the sulfoximine functional group as a novel bioactive scaffold for insecticidal activity and a subsequent extensive structure-activity relationship study. Sulfoxaflor, the first product from this new class(More)
A multiyear effort to identify new natural products was built on a hypothesis that both phytotoxins from plant pathogens and antimicrobial compounds might demonstrate herbicidal activity. The discovery of one such compound, mevalocidin, is described in the current report. Mevalocidin was discovered from static cultures of two unrelated fungal isolates(More)
Field isolates of Phoma macrostoma were obtained from diseased Canada thistle growing in several geographically diverse regions. Bleaching and chlorotic symptoms were present on the infected plants. The isolates grown in liquid culture were found to produce phytotoxic metabolites which also caused bleaching when applied foliarly to several broadleaf(More)
2,4-Dihydro-4-(beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-1,2,4(3H)-triazol-3-one (2) was identified as the principal phytotoxic component of a fermentation broth derived from an Actinomadura. The compound is a new natural product, but known by synthesis. Broad-spectrum herbicidal activity was demonstrated in greenhouse tests. Metabolite reversal studies suggested the target(More)
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