B. C. Roberts

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PURPOSE Previous studies have identified the cytoskeletal proteins actin and tubulin as potential cellular targets in the trabecular meshwork for novel glaucoma therapy. The authors and others have hypothesized that acto-myosin interactions may be important for outflow function. The current study was conducted to evaluate 2,3-butanedione 2-monoxime (BDM), a(More)
PURPOSE An important goal in glaucoma research has been to understand the functional contribution of trabecular meshwork (TM) and Schlemm's canal (SC) endothelia to aqueous humor outflow resistance. To date, TM cells are routinely cultured and used as a model by several laboratories. However, there has been only limited success in isolating SC cells. The(More)
PURPOSE Isolation and culture of human trabecular meshwork (TM) cells from primary open-angle glaucomatous (POAG) tissue has proven difficult. The objective of this study was to directly compare the utility of two different isolation methods to obtain viable human TM cells from POAG whole eye tissue. METHODS Using a blunt dissection technique, human TM(More)
Mutations in myocilin (MYOC) associate with glaucoma and ocular hypertension. Unfortunately, the specific role of MYOC, a widely expressed protein of unknown function, in ocular hypertension is unknown. Since MYOC localizes both to intracellular membranes and to the cytosol, we tested the hypothesis that MYOC is a cytosolic protein that associates with(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the chicken cornea as a model for corneal wound healing research. METHODS We conducted studies on normal chicken corneas and on corneas following mechanical debridement and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). RESULTS The chicken cornea possesses six distinct layers that resemble the layers of the human cornea, including a substantial(More)
Direct binding of receptor-recognized alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M*) or a cloned receptor binding fragment from rat alpha 1-macroglobulin (RBF) to human trabecular meshwork cells demonstrated two classes of cell surface binding sites. One class has an apparent Kd of 5.0 nM and a receptor number of 31,800 receptors/cell. The other class has an apparent Kd(More)
PURPOSE Drainage of aqueous humor from the human eye appears dependent on intracellular volume of trabecular meshwork (TM) cells, the predominant cell type of the human outflow pathway. Thus, the modulation of water and solute flux across the plasma membrane of TM cells is predicted to be an important factor in regulating outflow facility. Aquaporin (AQP)-1(More)
Glucocorticosteroids such as dexamethasone (Dex) are known to cause an increased resistance to aqueous outflow in the intact and cultured eye. We investigated whether Dex treatment of cultured endothelial or trabecular meshwork (TM) cells might interfere with the cell separations and retraction induced by the facility-enhancing agents ethacrynic acid (ECA),(More)
PURPOSE Elevated intraocular pressure in those with glaucoma appears to be a function of increased resistance to movement of aqueous humor through the conventional outflow pathway. The majority of resistance in both normal and glaucomatous eyes is generated in the region between the juxtacanalicular trabecular meshwork and the inner wall of Schlemm's canal.(More)
PURPOSE The phenoxyacetic acid, ethacrynic acid (ECA), has potential use in glaucoma therapy because it acts to increase aqueous outflow in vivo and in vitro. In human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cell culture, ECA acts to change cell shape and attachment, effects that have been correlated with microtubule (MT) alterations and chemical sulfhydryl (SH)(More)