Learn More
Lymph chylomicrons of different sizes are known to be cleared at different rates, but the underlying mechanism for this effect has not been resolved. To investigate the differences in clearance rates between small and large particles, chylomicron-like lipid emulsions labeled with radioactive triolein and cholesteryl oleate were injected into conscious rats.(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) E is a ligand for lipoprotein receptors and mediates the cellular uptake of several different lipoproteins. Human apoE occurs in three allelic forms designated E2, E3, and E4. The E2 isoform is associated with changes in lipoprotein metabolism, and the E4 isoform is associated with Alzheimer's disease and an increased risk of coronary(More)
We previously found that a single saturated acyl chain at the glycerol 2-position affected the metabolism of chylomicrons. The explanation for the effect is not clear, but could be reproduced by saturated monoacylglycerols. In the present work we have extended our measurements to several different triacylglycerols containing one or two saturated chains in(More)
The metabolism of chylomicron remnants in mice deficient in low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr) or apolipoprotein E (apoE) was compared with that of control C57BL/6J mice. Mice were injected intravenously with chylomicron-like emulsions labeled with radioactive lipids. Blood samples were taken at fixed time intervals from the retro-orbital sinus, and(More)
In previous work we found that sterols such as cholesterol were essential for physiological plasma clearance of lipid emulsions mimicking the structure of mammalian triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. In the present study we compared the clearances of emulsions prepared with sterols of varying alkyl chain length (straight chains, n-C3 to n-C7, or branched(More)
Chylomicron remnants transport cholesterol from the intestine, and are removed from the circulation principally by the liver. While hepatic receptors, including the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor account for endocytosis, heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) participate in the initial binding of remnants to liver cells. To explore the interactions(More)
Series of lipid emulsions were prepared as physical models of lymph chylomicrons. The emulsion phospholipid was systematically varied with respect to sphingomyelin, in 0-100% mixtures with egg yolk phosphatidylcholine (EYPC). In other emulsions, the phospholipid was systematically varied with respect to dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) in 0-100%(More)
Cholesterol is an absolute requirement for the clearance from plasma of the remnants of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. Our laboratory previously established that cholesterol was essential for the hepatic uptake of remnant particles after intravenous injection of chylomicron-like lipid emulsions (1). The aim of the present study was to determine the(More)
In rats, remnant particles derived from chylomicron-like emulsions containing 1,3-dioleoyl-2-stearoylglycerol (OSO) are removed from plasma more slowly than remnants derived from triolein emulsions. The effect associated with a saturated acyl chain at the glycerol 2-position could be reproduced by incorporating 2-stearoylglycerol (MS) in a triolein(More)
Lipid emulsions were prepared with a similar size and lipid composition to natural lymph chylomicrons, but in which the surface phospholipid was either egg phosphatidylcholine, dioleoyl-, dimyristoyl-, dipalmitoyl- or 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoylphosphatidylcholine (EYPC, DOPC, DMPC, DPPC or POPC). When injected into the bloodstream of conscious rats, the emulsions(More)