B C Mortimer

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Cholesterol is an absolute requirement for the clearance from plasma of the remnants of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. Our laboratory previously established that cholesterol was essential for the hepatic uptake of remnant particles after intravenous injection of chylomicron-like lipid emulsions (1). The aim of the present study was to determine the(More)
In previous work we found that sterols such as cholesterol were essential for physiological plasma clearance of lipid emulsions mimicking the structure of mammalian triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. In the present study we compared the clearances of emulsions prepared with sterols of varying alkyl chain length (straight chains, n-C3 to n-C7, or branched(More)
Lymph chylomicrons of different sizes are known to be cleared at different rates, but the underlying mechanism for this effect has not been resolved. To investigate the differences in clearance rates between small and large particles, chylomicron-like lipid emulsions labeled with radioactive triolein and cholesteryl oleate were injected into conscious rats.(More)
Triacylglycerols, with a saturated long-chain fatty acid at the glycerol-2-position, slow the clearance from plasma of remnants derived from injected chylomicrons and chylomicron-like emulsions. Slowing of remnant clearance also occurs when about 1% of monostearoylglycerol is added to a triolein chylomicron-like emulsion. We have now found that addition of(More)
We previously found that a single saturated acyl chain at the glycerol 2-position affected the metabolism of chylomicrons. The explanation for the effect is not clear, but could be reproduced by saturated monoacylglycerols. In the present work we have extended our measurements to several different triacylglycerols containing one or two saturated chains in(More)
Lipid emulsion particles were prepared by sonicating four different lipid mixtures (triacylglycerol (TAG), 70%; phospholipid, 25%; cholesteryl oleate (CO), 3%; and free cholesterol, 2%), then purified by density gradient ultracentrifugation. For three test mixtures, the TAG contained 50, 75, or 100% 1,3-dioleyl-2-stearylglycerol (OSO) with the remainder(More)
The metabolism of oxidized chylomicrons (ox-CMs) was investigated in vivo. CMs from rats fed corn, linseed, or fish oil were oxidized by incubation with 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane)hydrochloride (AAPH) or sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). Oxidized CMs had a rapid phase of clearance, followed by a slow phase. Clearance of ox-CMs was decreased for corn oil but(More)
We wished to establish whether the haemodynamic changes accompanying alterations in blood pressure exert a direct effect on clearance of chylomicron-like emulsions. N-Nitro-L-arginine (NOLA) and endothelin-1 were used to increase the blood pressure of normotensive rats, sodium nitroprusside (NP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) were used to(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary fats influence plasma lipids, and changes in the clearance and metabolism of postprandial lipoproteins can affect atherosclerosis. Butterfat is considered hypercholesterolemic but contains a multitude of constituent fatty acids. OBJECTIVES We determined triacylglycerol and cholesteryl ester clearances of lymph chylomicrons derived from(More)
Chylomicron remnants transport cholesterol from the intestine, and are removed from the circulation principally by the liver. While hepatic receptors, including the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor account for endocytosis, heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) participate in the initial binding of remnants to liver cells. To explore the interactions(More)