B. Blanchard

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In vivo microdialysis was used to examine changes in nucleus accumbens and striatal dopamine, dihydrophenylacetic acid (DOPAC), and homovanillic acid (HVA) following acute administration of ethanol (0.0, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, or 2.0 g/kg) in male and female Long-Evans rats. Following dialysis, rats were trained to bar-press for oral ethanol reinforcement. In(More)
Performance on a Morris water task was examined in young rats whose mothers consumed a liquid diet consisting of 35% ethanol-derived calories (EDC) during pregnancy. Offspring of pair-fed (0% EDC) and ad lib lab chow (LC) dams served as controls. Rats were required to find a platform submerged below the surface in a pool of opaque water. A trial ended when(More)
'Premature' rats that were delivered by cesarean section on day 21 of gestation and 'normal' rats that were delivered spontaneously on day 22 of gestation were tested for basal locomotor activity and locomotor stimulation in response to D-amphetamine at 19-21 days of age. Compared to normal rats, premature rats had increased basal levels of locomotor(More)
Prenatal exposure to alcohol may impair gonadal and behavioral development in male rats, possibly via reduction of perinatal androgenization. We examined locomotor activity on postnatal day 18 (PND 18), which is not influenced by perinatal androgens and juvenile play and testicular development (testes weight), which are dependent on perinatal androgen(More)
Using in vivo microdialysis, ethanol-induced dopamine release in nucleus accumbens and striatum was examined in adult male and female Long-Evans rats exposed prenatally to ethanol and in controls. Following dialysis, ethanol intake was measured in an operant paradigm. Control rats showed increased dopamine release in nucleus accumbens and striatum in(More)
Sex differences in ethanol intake in rats suggest that there may be sex differences in brain dopamine systems believed to mediate ethanol's reinforcing properties. To test this hypothesis, we used in vivo microdialysis to examine changes in nucleus accumbens and striatal dopamine, DOPAC and HVA following acute administration of several doses of ethanol in(More)
Shuttle avoidance performance following pretreatment with physostigmine was assessed in 85- to 100-day-old rats whose mothers consumed a liquid diet consisting of 35% ethanol-derived calories (EDC) during pregnancy. Offspring of pair-fed (0% EDC) and ad lib lab chow (LC) dams served as controls. Animals received either 0, 0.1 or 0.2 mg/kg physostigmine(More)
We psychopharmacologically examined dopamine function in rats exposed to ethanol prenatally. Pregnant rats received liquid diets of 35% or 0% ethanol-derived calories (EDC), or ad lib lab chow (LC). Twenty-eight-day-old offspring received systemic doses of apomorphine chosen to stimulate predominantly presynaptic (0.02 or 0.1 mg/kg) or postsynaptic dopamine(More)
OBJECTIVES As an emerging model of health care delivery, telehealth has the potential to provide individuals living in remote regions with access to health care services that are otherwise not available. This paper provides a review of the feasibility, comparative effectiveness, cost effectiveness, client and clinician satisfaction, and the barriers to(More)