B Birmacher

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Recent advances in psychiatric nosology have provided a clearer clinical description of panic disorder and agoraphobia with panic attacks. This clinical improvement has yet to result in a better understanding of the basic mechanisms involved in these conditions. The present study compares the effects of the cold pressor test on blood pressure changes and(More)
Recurrent spontaneous panic attacks are psychophysiological symptoms present in panic disorder and agoraphobia with panic attacks. Effective pharmacological treatment for panic attacks is essential to any treatment plan for these conditions. The authors administered chlomipramine to 20 patients who had panic disorder or agoraphobia with panic attacks, and(More)
Clomipramine (25-150 mg/day) was given in a 2-month open clinical trial to patients with DSM-III defined panic disorder (N = 8) or agoraphobia with panic attacks (N = 12); 6 of these patients were found to have MVP. Substantial improvement was seen in all of the patients with MVP and 11 of 14 without MVP. Response was not affected by age, sex, or(More)
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