B. Bershadsky

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BACKGROUND Female collegiate athletes have been reported to have a higher rate of anterior cruciate ligament injury compared to male collegiate athletes. This finding has spawned a branch of research focused on understanding and preventing this injury pattern. PURPOSE To determine if the trends reported in 1994 have continued. STUDY TYPE Descriptive(More)
BACKGROUND Quality of life (QOL) is a goal for nursing home residents, but measures are needed to tap this phenomenon. METHODS In-person QOL interviews were attempted for 1988 residents, stratified by cognitive functioning, from 40 nursing homes in five states. Likert-type response options were used with reversion to dichotomous responses when necessary;(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if early enteral feeding, in an intensive care unit (ICU) patient population, using a formula supplemented with arginine, dietary nucleotides, and fish oil (Impact), results in a shorter hospital stay and a reduced frequency of infectious complications, when compared with feeding a common use enteral formula (Osmolite.HN). DESIGN A(More)
BACKGROUND Deep wound infection (DWI) in total knee (TKA) and total hip (THA) arthroplasty has been shown to highly correlate with superficial surgical site infection (SSSI). Although several studies have reported hospital factors that predispose to SSSI, patient factors have not been clearly elucidated. METHODS All patients undergoing TKA (n = 1181) and(More)
BACKGROUND Quantitative behavioral testing is necessary to establish a reproducible measure of differential functional blockade during regional anesthesia. Methods for assessment of the neurologic status (mental status, posture, gait, proprioception, motor function, autonomic function, and nociception) in veterinary neurology were adapted for the rat and(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the use of hospital and related medical care services of a novel managed care program using nurse practitioners (NPs) and directed specifically at long-stay nursing home residents. DESIGN Quasi-experimental posttest design with two control groups to minimize selection bias. SETTING Nursing homes. PARTICIPANTS Evercare enrollees(More)
PURPOSE We used measures created to assess the quality of life (QOL) of nursing home residents to distinguish among nursing facilities. DESIGN AND METHODS We statistically adjusted scores for 10 QOL domains derived from standardized interviews with nursing home residents for age, gender, activities of daily living functioning, cognitive functioning, and(More)
BACKGROUND As an elective procedure, total knee arthroplasty is under scrutiny to evaluate its cost-effectiveness. In this review, we examined the available literature on total knee arthroplasty to assess the evidence regarding factors associated with better functional outcomes. METHODS A structured literature search of English-language databases was(More)
OBJECTIVES This study explores how well staff and family proxies' reports on selected quality-of-life (QOL) domains (comfort, dignity, functional competence, privacy, meaningful activity, food enjoyment, relationships, security, and autonomy) correspond to residents' own reports. METHODS We compared QOL domain scores for nursing home residents and 1,326(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the increase in the number of total knee arthroplasty revisions, outcomes of such surgery and their correlates are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to characterize patterns of functional improvement after revision total knee arthroplasty over a two-year period and to investigate factors that affect such improvement patterns.(More)