B Barzaghi

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A new method is described for preparative protein purification, based on isoelectric focusing on immobilized pH gradients. The principle is entirely new, as it is based on keeping the protein of interest isoelectric, in a flow-chamber, and focusing the impurities in the Immobiline gel. For this, a hydraulic flow is coupled orthogonally to an electric flow,(More)
Differently terminated poly(amidoamine) (PAA) oligomers were grafted on the surface of poly(ether urethane amide)s (PEUAm), with fumaric or maleic acid moieties. The grafting reaction was Michael-type addition of amino groups to activated double bonds in the PEUAm backbone. PAAs having primary amino, or secondary amino end-groups were directly grafted on(More)
When analysing homogeneous preparations of recombinant pro-urokinase and urinary urokinase by isoelectric focusing (IEF) in immobilized pH gradients, an extreme charge heterogeneity was detected (at least ten major and ten minor bands in the pH range 7-10). This extensive polydispersity was not caused by different degrees of glycosylation, or by IEF(More)
A modification of the previously described apparatus (Faupel et al. (1987) J. Biochem. Biophys. Methods 15, 147-162), for recycling isoelectric focusing in a segmented immobilized pH gradient, is here reported. The most important improvements are: (1) a horizontal, vs. the previously vertical assembly; (2) a reduction of the thickness of the central flow(More)
We have recently described an apparatus for protein purification based on a segmented Immobiline gel, having one or more liquid interlayers in between. The principle is entirely new, as it is based on keeping the protein of interest isoelectric, in a flow chamber, and focusing the impurities in an Immobiline gel. For this, a hydraulic flow is coupled(More)
In mixed-bed, carrier ampholyte-Immobiline gels, a primary, insolubilized pH gradient is admixed with a secondary, soluble pH gradient generated by amphoteric buffers. The latter are the standard carrier ampholytes (e.g. Ampholine, Pharmalyte, Biolyte, Servalyte), used in conventional isoelectric focusing, admixed to Immobiline gels in levels of(More)
A method is described for keeping a constant salt background during protein purification in a segmented immobilized pH gradient. It is based on an external hydraulic flow replenishing the salt loss due to combined electric and diffusional mass transport (similar to the concept of Ribes' steady-state rheoelectrolysis). Such a minimum of ionic strength might(More)
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