Learn More
Bentonites of various types are being investigated in many countries as backfill materials in high-level radioactive waste disposal concepts. Being able to understand the chemistry of the porewater in compacted bentonite is very important since it is critical to predicting radionuclide solubilities and to the synthesis of sorption data bases, and hence to(More)
The nature of surface complexes formed on Ni uptake onto montmorillonite (a dioctahedral smectite) has been investigated over an extended time period by polarized extended X-ray absorption fine structure (P-EXAFS) spectroscopy. Self-supporting films of Ni-sorbed montmorillonite were prepared by contacting Ni and montmorillonite at pH 7.2, high ionic(More)
The uptake process of Th(IV) onto montmorillonite was studied using powder and polarized-EXAFS (P-EXAFS) spectroscopy. Sorption samples were prepared in 0.1 M NaClO(4) solutions either undersaturated (pH 2 and 3, [Th](initial): 2.7x10(-6) to 4x10(-4) M) or supersatured (pH 5, [Th](initial): 4.3x10(-5) to 4x10(-4) M) with respect to amorphous ThO(2). Th(More)
Iron is an important redox-active element that is ubiquitous in both engineered and natural environments. In this study, the retention mechanism of Fe(II) on clay minerals was investigated using macroscopic sorption experiments combined with Mössbauer and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy. Sorption edges and isotherms were(More)
The interaction of Fe(II) with clay minerals is of particular relevance in global geochemical processes controlling metal and nutrient cycles and the fate of contaminants. In this context, the influence of competitive sorption effects between Fe(II) and other relevant transition metals on their uptake characteristics and mobility remains an important issue.(More)
Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and Mössbauer spectroscopy combined with macroscopic sorption experiments were employed to investigate the sorption mechanism of Fe(II) on an iron-free synthetic montmorillonite (Na-IFM). Batch sorption experiments were performed to measure the Fe(II) uptake on Na-IFM at trace concentrations as a function of(More)
Fe(II) sorption edges and isotherms have been measured on low structural Fe-content montmorillonite (STx) and high structural Fe-content montmorillonite (SWy) under anoxic (O2 < 0.1 ppm) and strongly reducing conditions (Eh = -0.64 V). Under anoxic conditions Fe(II) sorption on SWy was significantly higher than on STx, whereas the sorption under reducing(More)
For the long-term safety assessment of deep radioactive waste repositories an understanding of the interactions of actinides with mineral surfaces at a molecular level is necessary. The retention/mobility of the released radionuclides is strongly dependent on sorption/desorption reactions at mineral surfaces. Thus, a quantitative understanding of the uptake(More)
The influence of dissolved CO(2) on the sorption of trivalent curium (Cm) on alumina (gamma-Al(2)O(3)) and kaolinite was investigated by time resolved laser fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS) using the optical properties of Cm as a local luminescent probe. Measurements were performed at T < 20 K on Cm loaded gamma-Al(2)O(3) and kaolinite wet pastes prepared(More)
The credibility of long-term safety assessments of radioactive waste repositories may be greatly enhanced by a molecular level understanding of the sorption processes onto individual minerals present in the near- and far-fields. In this study we couple macroscopic sorption experiments to surface complexation modelling and spectroscopic investigations,(More)