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A cerebral ischemia was produced by unilateral ligation of the common carotid artery in the neck of Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus), which are frequently characterized by deficiencies in the circulus of Willis. Concentrations of glucose, lactate, pyruvate and glycogen were measured in the hemisphere on the side of occlusion and in the(More)
A key mechanism of brain injury after cerebral ischaemia is supposed to be the iron-dependent formation of highly reactive oxygen free radicals initiated by the intracellular accumulation of calcium and promoted by the excess release of glutamate. Oxido-reductive processes (formation of superoxide radicals and lipid peroxidation) are mediated through(More)
Bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (15 min.) followed by two hours of recirculation reduced mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione reductase (GR) activities, and increased susceptibility of mitochondrial membranes to in vitro lipid peroxidation in brain regions (i.e., cortex, striatum and hippocampus) of Mongolian gerbil.(More)
The effects of the following drugs: nimodipine (1 mg/kg b.w., i.p.), 2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (4 mg/kg b.w., i.p.) and propentofylline (25 mg/kg b.w., i.p.), administered (alone or in combination) at the end of 15 min bilateral ischemia in gerbils were evaluated on mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione reductase (GR), glucose-6(More)
Depression is frequently encountered in Parkinson's disease and was seen to occur in 14 of 26 patients studied. The levels of 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), the main metabolite of serotonin (5-HT), in CSF samples of the patients were significantly lower than in those of controls. However, within the group of patients the levels of 5-HIAA in CSF(More)
The present experiments were designed to determine the short-term regional changes in the cyclic nucleotides, certain glucose metabolites, high-energy phosphates, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamate, and glutamine in the gerbil brain following bilateral ligation of the common carotid arteries. The brains of the animals were microwaved at 20, 40, 60,(More)