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We examined Wada memory and neuropsychological memory function in 34 nonlesional patients who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) and who were seizure free at 1-year follow-up. Patients who displayed a decline on verbal memory measures that exceeded 1 SD after left ATL had significantly smaller left/right Wada memory asymmetries than left ATL(More)
We report a mixed handed (L > R) patient with exclusive right cerebral language representation who developed a permanent anterograde amnestic syndrome after right anterotemporal lobectomy. Preoperative neuropsychological performance consisted of impaired verbal memory and normal nonverbal memory. Wada memory performance was asymmetrical for objects(More)
In this study, we describe a quantitative EEG method for localization of seizure onset in 29 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. We used right-left differences in relative power and a logistic regression to predict the side of seizure onset. The optimum bipolar channels were T4-T6/T3-T5 and the optimum frequency band was 4-10.5 Hz. Using a threshold(More)
A prospective study of pseudoseizures using prolonged video-electroencephalographic (EEG) recording was carried out in 60 patients. Of 33 patients with episodes of uncertain mechanism, a diagnosis based on recorded episodes was made in 18 (55%). Twelve (36%) had pseudoseizures; 6 (18%) had epileptic seizures. Ten additional patients had epileptiform EEGs(More)
We investigated the neuropsychological effects of carbamazepine, phenobarbital, and phenytoin in 15 partial complex epilepsy patients treated with each drug for 3 months, using a randomized double-blind, triple crossover design. Neuropsychological evaluation at the end of each treatment period included Digit Span, Selective Reminding Test, Digit Symbol,(More)
We examined the ability of Wada memory testing to predict seizure outcome 1 year following anterior temporal lobectomy. Asymmetry scores for Wada memory performance, using amobarbital doses of 125 mg or less, were calculated for 55 patients under the age of 45 years who had no radiologic evidence of structural lesions other than gliosis. Wada memory(More)
We examined the relationship of Wada memory performance and MRI hippocampal volume measurements to laterality of ultimate seizure localization in 20 patients with complex partial seizures who later underwent temporal lobectomy. Discriminant function analysis employing both Wada memory test asymmetries and hippocampal volume asymmetries correctly classified(More)
Cerebral language lateralization was investigated in 103 patients undergoing intracarotid amobarbital testing as part of their diagnostic work-up for epilepsy surgery. Inclusion criteria included adequate bilateral intracarotid amobarbital studies and no radiologic lesion in areas other than the temporal lobe. Language was evaluated with respect to strict(More)
The relative effects of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) on cognition are controversial. We compared the cognitive effects of phenobarbital, phenytoin, and valproate in 59 healthy adults using a randomized, double-blind, incomplete-block, crossover design. Cognitive assessments were conducted at baseline, after 1 month on each drug (two AEDs per subject), and at(More)
ACTH and cortisol were measured simultaneously in plasma samples obtained every 5 min from subjects at two different diurnal times. In the first study adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) mean concentration and secretory rate were elevated in anticonvulsant drug-treated temporal lobe epileptic patients in comparison to anticonvulsant drug-treated patients(More)